Department of Science Education

OBJECTIVES OF SCIENCE EDUCATION PROGRAMME

The objective for the degree programmes offered in the Department is derived from the general objectives of the Adamawa State University. The focus is on cultivating the individual scholar to acquire knowledge, skills and attitudes to become self-fulfilling not only in servicing jobs but also in creating jobs for self and others. Hence entrepreneurial skills are incorporated to ensure that the student spend a substantial part of his studies in the school environment and to appreciate the educational process. In summary the following constitutes the main objectives of the programmes of the Department:

  1. To provide understanding of the Philosophy, sociology, history, psychology and the economy of education, including the variables that influence education;
  2. To equip potential or practicing teachers with pedagogical know-how and professional expertise in respect of educational methodology and advance knowledge in the teaching subjects;
  3. To provide an understanding of developmental needs of children, the individual and the society in this scientific age;
  4. To impact the concept of teaching as applied to the classroom, laboratory and field work and through practical experience of teaching and develop self models of the learning process;
  5. To keep students abreast with the state of the art in knowledge, skills and innovations associated with science advancement and knowledge explosion experienced in the society.
  6. To enable students perform more effectively in leadership positions at pre-primary, primary, post-primary institutions, tertiary education and training (as well as at other governmental organized and non-governmental sectors)
  7. To foster a sense of social responsibility and aesthetic values as well as personal and professional worth in society and live a meaningful life;
  8. To prepare the way for a proper commitment to the teaching profession and to facilitate the national development through education of the citizenry;
  9. To produce highly motivated teachers that are interested, conscious and effective in teaching learning-process in the classroom, laboratory or field work.
  1. To encourage the qualities of problem-solving, creativity, initiatives innovation, research and community service skills.
  2. To develop curriculum consciousness and processing habits in the learners.
  3. To cultivate in the students educational technology qualities desirable for the processes of good and productive teaching;
  4. To maintain a process of continual teacher in-service and pre-service education and orientation so as to maximize teacher effectiveness in the society;
  5. To create a link between society and educational institutions, such as through engaging in a variety of community based educational endeavors as a way of fostering collaborative and cooperative work in advancing educational development.
  6. To conduct research and engage in publication as well as dissemination of knowledge essential to the progress of the society.

UNIVERSITY GOVERNANCE
Adamawa State University, Mubi (ADSU) is an autonomous public institution with general function of providing liberal and higher education and encouraging the development of research and learning. (Through out Adamawa State and the nation at large). The University consists of:

  1. The Council
  2. Chancellor
  3. Pro-Chancellor
  4. Vice Chancellor
  5. Senate
  6. Congregation
  7. Other persons who are members of the university community as provided by the law establishing Adamawa State University, Mubi

ORIENTATION OF NEW STUDENTS
The orientation of new students to the University traditionally takes place in the first semester after registration. The orientation programme is organized by the Students Affairs Division of the University, in collaboration with the other Departments. The programme is specifically organized to enable new students settle down and adjust to the life in the University and the environment.

REGISTRATION
Registration is fundamental to studentship. All new students on arrival at the University should proceed for registration to the following:-

  1. The Departmental Registration Officer for screening, clearance and collect course registration forms.
  2. Academic Officer – collection of registration forms and signing.
  3. Bursary: to pay all necessary fees.
  4. Student Affairs Officer: – for hostel accommodation and issuance of I.D Card.
  5. Departmental/Faculties: – for other course registration
  6. University Library:– for library registration
  7. University Health Centre: – for registration and medical examination.

viii. Sports Officer for registration

INDUCTION /MATRICULATION
Matriculation is the first institution’s ceremony for students. Every new student must matriculate before he/she is recognized as having entered the academic community of the University. During the ceremony new students are required to take the matriculation oath which reads “I………….. solemnly undertake and swear to observe, and respect the provisions of the Adamawa State University, Mubi and status, ordinances and registrations lawfully made there nudes which are in force which shall from time to time be brought into force.
New students are required to be formally dressed (i.e. complete with academic gowns) during the matriculation ceremony. Matriculation marks the end of student’s registration. All affected students will be issued matriculation numbers with which they will obtain identity cards (I.D.) from the security department of the University.

STUDENT’S ADVISER
Each student on matriculation is given an academic adviser by the Department. Academic advisers should be seen as acting on behalf of the Department. They are to help students solve their academic and social problems. Advisers are required to strictly keep in confidence issues personal to the students. The students should endeavour to freely contact their advisers in all matters private and academic. If the adviser fails to solve a student problem, he/she should feel free to reach out to the Head of Department.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENT
The Science education courses will be a three/four year degree programme. The basic requirements for the admission are as follows:-

  1. Pass all subjects in the Pre-degree programme of Adamawa State University, Mubi
  2. Five passes at credit level including English language, mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Geography and Agriculture/health Education. SSCE, NECO, NABTEB and TC II (only credits obtained at not more than two sittings will be accepted).
  3. Direct Entry (DE) into 100 or 200 level degree programmes for candidates holding IJMB, HND, NCE or ND or their equivalent may be considered for DE. Candidates with less than merit are placed at 100 level.

DEGREES OFFERED IN THE DEPARTMENT

B.Sc. Ed. (Biology)
B.Sc. Ed. (Chemistry)
B.Sc. Ed. (Geography)
B.Sc. Ed. (Mathematics)
B.Sc. Ed. (Physics)

Departmental Courses

B.Sc Ed Biology

100 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 101 History of Education 2 CP
2 GST 101 Communication in English I 2 CP
3 GST 103 Nigerian People & Culture 2 CP
4 CSC 101 Introduction to Computer Science I 2 CP
5 MTH 105 Elementary Algebra and Sets 2 CP
6 BIO 101 General Biology I 2 CP
7 CHM 101 Introduction to Physical Chemistry 3 OPTIONAL
8 CHM 103 Introduction to Organic Chemistry I 2 CP
9 CHM 111 Basic Practical Chemistry I 1 CP
10 PHY 101 Introductory Mechanism & Properties of Matter 3 ELECTIVE
11 PHY 103 Introductory Heat, Waves & Sounds 3 ELECTIVE
12 PHY 117 Basic Experimental Physics I 1 CP
TOTAL 16

* Choose at least ONE from the Electives

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 102 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 BIO 102 General Biology II 2 CP
3 BIO 104 General Biology IV 2 CP
4 CHM 102 Introduction to Organic Chemistry II 1 CP
5 CHM 104 Introductory Inorganic Chemistry I 3 CP
6 CHM 112 Introduction to Electricity & Magnetism 3 CP
7 PHY 102 Electricity & Magnetism 3 CP
8 CSC 102 Introduction to Computer II 2 CP
9 GST 102 Use of Library, Study skills & ICT 2 CP
10 GST 104 Communication in French 2 EL
11 GST 106 Communication in Arabic 2 EL
Total Units 24

* Choose at least ONE from the Electives

200 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 201 Philosophy of Education 2 CP
2 EDU 203 Science Methods 2 CP
3 EDU 205 Curriculum and Instruction I 2 CP
4 EDU 207 Introduction to the Teaching Profession 1 CP
5 GST 201 Communication in English II 2 CP
6 GST 203 Logic, Philosophy & Human Existence 2 CP
7 BIO 203 General Physiology I 2 CP
8 BIO 205 Histological & Histochemical Techniques 1 CP
9 BOT 201 Seedless & Seed Plants 3 CP
10 ZOO 201 Lower Invertebrates 2 CP
11 CHM 205 Organic Chemistry I 3 CP
12 CSC 293 Application to Computer I 2
Total Units 24

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 202 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 EDU 204 Educational Statistics 2 CP
3 EDU 208 Computer Application in Education 2 CP
4 BIO 202 Quantitative Methods in Biology I 3 OPTL
5 BIO 204 General Cytology 2 CP
6 ZOO 202 Invertebrata 3 CP
7 CSC 294 Application to Computer II 2 CP
8 GST 202 History & Philosophy of Science 2 CP
9 GST 222 Peace and Conflict Resolution 2
22

300 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/No COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 301 Developmental Psychology 2 CP
2 EDU 303 Educational Administration and Planning 2 CP
3 EDU 305 Curriculum & Instruction II 2 CP
4 EDU 313 Research Methods and Data Processing 2 CP
5 BIO 301 Hydrobiology 2 CP
6 BIO 307 Genetics 2 CP
7 BIO 311 Environmental Pollution 2 CP
8 BOT 307 Plant Physiology 2 CP
ZOO 305 Entomology 2 CP
9 ZOO 317 Parasitic Protozoa 2 CP
10 GST 301 Introduction to Entrepreneurial Skills 2 CP
TOTAL 22

Electives: Choose at least one

SECOND SEMESTER (BIOLOGY MAJOR ON SIWES)

S/N COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 302 Educational Measurement and Evaluation 2 CP
2 EDU 304 Elements of Guidance & Counselling 2 CP
3 EDU 306 Educational Technology 2 CP
4 EDU 308 Educational Methodologies 2 CP
5 EDU 310 Primary & Early Childhood Educ 2 cp
6 BIO 304 Histology 2 CP
7 BOT 302 Plant Physiology BIO 203 2 CP
8 BOT 304 Algology BOT 203, BIO 205 2 ELECTIVE
9 BOT 308 Savannah and Forest Ecology BOT 201 2 ELECTIVE
10 BOT 310 Physiological Ecology 2 ELECTIVE
11 ZOO 302 Parasitic Protozoa 2 ELECTIVE
12 ZOO 308 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 2 CP
TOTAL 22

400 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 401 Primary & Early Childhood Education 2 ELECTIVE
2 EDU 403 Information & Communication Technology in Education 2 elective
3 EDU 405 Comparative Education 2 elective
4 EDU 425 TEACHING PRACTICE 6 cp
(One Elective from the Education Courses)
5 BIO 403 Environmental Modelling 2 CP
6 BIO 405 Applied Conservation & Development of natural Resources 2 ELECTIVE
7 BOT 401 Economic Botany 2 CP
8 BOT 405 Plant Reproduction 2 CP
9 TOTAL 20

SECOND SEMESTER

S/No COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 402 Seminar in Education 2 CP
2 EDU 404 Special Education 2 Elective
3 EDU 406 Curriculum Development & Evaluation 2 Elective
4 EDU 408 Educational Management 2 Elective
5 EDU 410 Adolescent and Adjustment Psychology 2 Elective
6 EDU 499 Final Year Project 4 CP
7 BIO 402 Field Course 2 CP
BOT 402 Advanced Plant Physiology 2 CP
8 BOT 406 Pasture & Forage Management 2 Elective
9 BOT 408 Mushroom Farming 2 Elective
10 TOTAL 22

B.Sc Ed Chemistry

100 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 101 History of Education 2 CP
2 GST 101 Communication in English I 2 CP
3 GST 103 Nigerian Peoples & Culture 2 CP
4 CSC 101 Intro to Computer Sc. I 2 CP
5 MTH 105 Elementary Algebra and Sets 2 CP
6 CHM 101 Introduction to Physical Chemistry I 3 CP
7 CHM 103 Introduction to Organic Chemistry I 2 CP
8 CHM 111 Basic Practical Chemistry I 1 CP
9 BIO 101 Introduction to Biology I 2 CP
10 PHY 101 Introductory Mechanics and Properties of Matter 3 ELECTIVE
11 PHY 103 Introduction to Heat, Waves and Sounds 3 ELECTIVE
12 PHY 117 Basic Experimental Physics I 1 CP
TOTAL 23

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 102 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 CHM 102 Introduction to Organic Chemistry II 3 CP
3 CHM104 Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry I 3 CP
4 CHM 112 Basic Practical chemistry 1 CP
5 BIO 102 General Biology II 2 CP
6 PHY 102 Electricity & Magnetism 3 CP
7 PHY 118 Basic Experimental Physics 1 CP
8 MTH 104 Elements of Calculus 2 CP
9 CSC 102 Introduction to Computer Science II 2 CP
10 GST 102 Use of Library, study skills & ICT 2 CP
11 GST 104/106 Communication in French/Arabic 2 CP
23
S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 102 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 GEO 102 Introduction to Elements of Physical Geography 2 CP
3 GEO104 Elements of Human Geography 2 CP
4 GEO 106 Introduction to Environmental Science 2 CP
5 BIO 102 General Biology II 2 CP
6 CHM 104 Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry 3 CP
7 MTH 104 Elements of Calculus 2 CP
8 CSC 102 Introduction to Computer Science II 2 CP
9 GST 102 Use of Library, study skills & ICT 2 CP
10 GST 104 Communication in French 2 CP
TOTAL 21

200 Level

CHEMISTRY FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 201 Philosophy of Education 2 CP
2 SED 203 Science Methods 2 CP
3 EDU 205 Curriculum and Instruction I 2 CP
4 EDU 207 Introduction to the Teaching Profession 1 CP
5 CHM 201 Physical Chemistry 3 CP
6 CHM 203 Inorganic Chemistry I 3 CP
7 CHM 205 Inorganic Chemistry II 3
8 CHM 211 Practical Chemistry I (Inorganic) 1 CP
9 GST 201 Communication in English II 2 CP
10 GST 203 Logic, Philosophy & Human Existence 2 CP
11 GST 222 Peace & Conflict Resolution 2 CP
12 CSC 293 Application to Computer I 2 CP
TOTAL 24

CHEMISTRY SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 202 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 EDU 204 Educational Statistics 2 CP
3 EDU 208 Computer Application in Education 2 CP
4 CHM 204 Analytical Chemistry II 2 CP
5 CHM 208 Analytical Chemistry 2 CP
6 CHM 214 Practical Physical Chemistry 1 CP
7 CHM 212 Practical Organic Chemistry I 1 CP
8 MTH 206 Intro to Differential Equation II 2 CP
9 CHM 202 Nuclear Chemistry 2 EL
10 CHM 204 Bio Physical Chemistry 2 EL
11 GST 202 History & Philosophy of Science 2 CP
12 GST 222 Peace and Conflict Resolution 2 CP
TOTAL 18

300 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/No COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 301 Educational Psychology 2 CP
2 EDU 303 Educational Administration and Planning 2 CP
3 EDU 305 Curriculum & Instruction 2 CP
4 EDU 313 Research Methods and Data Processing 2 CP
5 GST 301 Entrepreneurial Skills 2 CP
6 CHM 301 Electrochemistry 3 CP
7 CHM 303 Chemical Kinetic 3 CP
8 CHM 309 Physical Org. Chemistry & Organic Reaction Mechanism 2 CP
9 chm 311 Organic Synthesis 2 ELECTIVE
10 chm 315 Polymer Chemistry I 3 CP
11 chm 317 Practical Organic Chem II 1 ELECTIVE
TOTAL Plus 1 Elective 24

SECOND SEMESTER

S/No. COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 302 Educational Measurement and Evaluation 2 CP
2 EDU 304 Elements of Guidance & Counselling 2 CP
3 EDU 306 Educational Technology 2 CP
4 EDU 308 Educational Methodologies 2 CP
5 EDU 310 Primary & Early Childhood Education 2 cp
6 CHM 302 Chemical Kinetics 2 CP
7 chm 304 Metal, Alloys & Phase Equilibrium 2 CP
8 CHM 306 Group Theory, Symmetry & Spectroscopy 2 OPTL
9 chm 308 Spectroscopic Techniques in Inorganic Chemistry 2 CP
10 CHM 310 Alicyclic, Stereo Chemical Studies & Conformational Analysis 3 OPTL
11 CHM 312 Industrial Chemistry 2 CP
12 CHM 316 Radiochemistry 1 CP
13 CHM 320 Instrumental Methods of Analysis 2 CP
14 CHM 322 Laboratory Chemistry III (Physical) 1 CP
TOTAL 22

400 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/No COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1. EDU 401 Primary and Early Childhood Education 2 ELECTIVE
2. EDU 403 Information & Communication Technology in Education 2 elective
3. EDU 405 Comparative Education 2 elective
4. EDU 425 TEACHING PRACTICE 6 CP
5. CHM 401 Advanced Thermodynamics 2 CP
6. CHM 403 Polymer Chemistry II 2 OP
7. CHM 407 Organometallic Chemistry 2 CP
8. CHM 409 Natural Products Chemistry 3 CP
9. CHM 411 Industrial Chemistry/Processes & Technology I 3 CP
TOTAL 24

SECOND SEMESTER

S/No COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1. EDU 402 Seminar in Education 2 CP
2. EDU 499 Research Project 4 CP
3. CHM 402 Quantum Chemistry 2 CP
4. CHM 406 Chemical Crystallography & Solid State 2 CP
5. CHM 410 Heterocyclic Chemistry 2 CP
6. chm 414 Industrial Chem/Processing & Technology 2 CP
7. chm 404 Environmental Chemistry 2 CP
8. chm 414 Carbohydrates & Aromaticity 2 OP
TOTAL 18

B.Sc Ed Geography

100 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 102 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 CHM 102 Introduction to Organic Chemistry II 3 CP
3 CHM104 Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry I 3 CP
4 CHM 112 Basic Practical chemistry 1 CP
5 BIO 102 General Biology II 2 CP
6 PHY 102 Electricity & Magnetism 3 CP
7 PHY 118 Basic Experimental Physics 1 CP
8 MTH 104 Elements of Calculus 2 CP
9 CSC 102 Introduction to Computer Science II 2 CP
10 GST 102 Use of Library, study skills & ICT 2 CP
11 GST 104/106 Communication in French/Arabic 2 CP
23

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 102 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 GEO 102 Introduction to Elements of Physical Geography 2 CP
3 GEO104 Elements of Human Geography 2 CP
4 GEO 106 Introduction to Environmental Science 2 CP
5 BIO 102 General Biology II 2 CP
6 CHM 104 Introduction to Inorganic Chemistry 3 CP
7 MTH 104 Elements of Calculus 2 CP
8 CSC 102 Introduction to Computer Science II 2 CP
9 GST 102 Use of Library, study skills & ICT 2 CP
10 GST 104 Communication in French 2 CP
TOTAL 21

200 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/No COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 201 Philosophy of Education 2 CP
2 EDU 203 Science Methods 2 CP
3 EDU 205 Curriculum and Instruction 2 CP
4 EDU 206 Introduction to the Teaching Profession 1 CP
5 GST 201 Communication Skill 2 CP
6 GST 203 Use of Library 1 CP
7 GEO 201 Spatial Organization of Society 2 CP
8 GEO 205 Map Analysis 3 CP
9 GEO 207 Elementary Cartography 2 CP
10 GEO 211 Elementary Surveying 2 CP
11 GEO 213 Local Field Studies (Mubi Region) 2 CP
12 BOT 201 Principles of Ecology 3 E
13 GEO 203 Introductory Climatology and Biogeography 2

E

14 GEO 209 Environmental Planning Principles 2

E

Total Plus 1 Elective 23/24

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-
REQUISITE
CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 202 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 EDU 204 Educational Statistics 2 CP
3 EDU 208 Computer Application in Education 2 CP
4 GEO 202 Introduction to Geography and Soil Geography 2 CP
5 GEO 204 Geography of Adamawa State 2 CP
6 GEO 206 Air Photo Interpretation 2 Elective
7 GEO 208 Statistics for Geographers 2 CP
8 GEO 210 Settlement Geography 2 Elective
9 GST 202 History & Philosophy of Science 2 CP
10 GST 222 Peace and Conflict Resolution 2 CP
20

300 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/No COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 301 Teaching Methodologies 2 CP
2 EDU 303 Educational Administration & Planning 2 CP
3 EDU 305 Curriculum & Instruction II 2 CP
4 EDU 313 Research Methods and Data Processing 2 CP
5 GEO 301 History of Geographic Thought 2 C
6 GEO 303 Climatology 2 C
7 GEO 309 Economic Geography 2 C
8 GEO 313 Field Course 3 C
9 GEO315 Rural Geography 2 EL
10 GEO 321 Agricultural Geography 2 EL
Total Plus 1 Elective 21

SECOND SEMESTER

S/No. COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 302 Educational Measurement and Evaluation 2 CP
2 EDU 304 Elements of Guidance & Counselling 2 CP
3 EDU 306 Educational Technology 2 CP
4 EDU 308 Educational Methodologies 2 CP
5 EDU 310 Primary & Early Childhood Education 2 CP
6 GEO 304 Biogeography 2 CP
7 GEO 306 Geomorphology 2 CP
8 GEO 308 Cartography 3 CP
9 GEO 310 Population Geography 2 CP
10 geo 314 Environmental resource Management 2 CP
11 GEO 318 Transportation Geography 2 EL
12 GEO 322 Land use and Conservation 2 EL
13 TOTAL 24

400 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT
UNIT
STATUS
1 EDU 401 Primary and Early Childhood Education 2 ELECTIVE
2 EDU 403 Information and Communication Technology in Education 2 elective
3 EDU 405 Comparative Education 2 elective
4 EDU 425 TEACHING PRACTICE 6 CP
5 GEO 401 Systematic Geography of Nigeria I 2 CP
6 GEO 403 The Developing World 2 CP
7 GEO 405 Environmental Impact Assessment 3 CP
8 GEO 411 Rural Development 2 elective
9 GEO 415 Land Evaluation 2 elective
Total Plus 1 Elective 23

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUI
SITE
CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 402 Seminar in Education 2 CP
2 EDU 404 Special Education 2 Elective
3 EDU 406 Curriculum Development & Evaluation 2 Elective
4 EDU 408 Educational Management 2 Elective
5 EDU 410 Adolescent and Adjustment Psychology 2 Elective
6 EDU 499 Final Year Project 4 CP
7 GEO 402 Systematic Geography of Nigeria II 2 CP
8 GEO 404 Geographic Information System 2 CP
9 GEO 406 Developed World 2 CP
10 GEO 408 Contemporary Geographical Philosophy & Methodology 2 CP
11 GEO 412 Agro Climatology 2 EL
12 GEO 414 Regional Development/ Planning 2 ELECTIVE
13 GEO 416 Arid Land Use & Resources Management 2 CP
14 GEO 418 Water Resources 2 EL
15 GEO 420 Tropical geomorphology 2 EL
16 GEO 422 Demographic Techniques 2 EL
TOTAL 22

B.Sc Ed Mathematics

100 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 101 History of Education 2 C P
2 CSC 101 Introduction to Comp Science I 2 C P
3 MTH 101 Coordinate Geometry and Vectors 2 C P
4 MTH 103 Elementary Algebra and Sets 2 C P
5 STA 101 Descriptive Statistics 2 C P
6 BIO 101 General Biology I 2 C P
7 CHM 101 Introduction To Physical Chemistry 3 C P
8 CHM 111 Basic Practical Chemistry I 1 C P
9 PHY 101 Introductory Mechanics and Properties of Matter 3 C P
10 PHY 117 Basic Experimental Physics 1 C P
11 GST 101 Communication in English I 2 C P
12 GST 103 Nigerian Peoples & Culture 2 C P
Total 24

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 102 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 CSC 102 Introduction to Comp. II 2 CP
3 CSC 104 Intro. to system programming 2 CP
4 MTH 102 Elements of Mechanics 2 CP
5 MTH 104 Elements of Calculus and Trigonometry 2 CP
6 PHY 102 Introduction to Electricity and Magnetism 3 CP
7 PHY 104 Introduction to Optics and Modern Physics 3 CP
8 PHY 118 Basic Experimental Physics 1 CP
9 GST 102 Use of Library study, Skills & ICT 2 EL
10 GST 104 Communication in French 2
Total 21

200 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE UNIT(S) STATUS Pre-requisite
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
EDU 201
EDU 203
EDU 205
MTH 201
MTH 207
MTH 209
STA 201
GST 205
GST 207
GST 209
Philosophy of Education
Science Methods
Curriculum & Instruction
Real Analysis I
Ordinary Differential Equation I
Mathematical Methods I
Basic Concepts of Probability I
Elementary Classical Mechanics
Communication in English II
Nigerian Peoples & Culture
2
2
2
3
2
3
2
2
2
3
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P

MTH104, MTH105
MTH101, MTH105
MTH104
MTH105,MTH104
CSC 102
STA 101
PHY 101
GST 107
GST 109

TOTAL 22

SECOND SEMESER

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE UNIT(S) STATUS Pre-requisite
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
EDU 202
EDU 204
EDU 208
MTH 200
MTH 202
MTH 204
MTH 214
GST 204
GST 222
Educational Psychology II
Educational Statistics
Computer Application in Education
Abstract Algebra I
Real Analysis II
Linear Algebra I
Mathematical Method II
Use of Library, Study Skills, ICT II
Peace & Conflict Resolution
2
2
2
2
3
3
2
2
2
C p
C p
C p
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
EL
MTH201
MTH201
MTH201
MTH101,MTH105
MTH102
MTH101
MTH101,MTH209
STA101
TOTAL 20

300 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE UNIT(S) STATUS Pre-
requisite
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
EDU 301
EDU 303
EDU 305
EDU 313
MTH 301
MTH 305
MTH 309
CSC 305
STA 301
GST 301
Teaching Methodologies
Educational Administration & Plan
Curriculum & Instruction II
Research methods & Data Processing
Real Analysis III
Complex Analysis
Numerical Analysis I
Database System
Probability Theory I
Introduction to Entrepreneurial Skills
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
2
2
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
EL
EL
Total 23

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE UNIT(S) STATUS Pre-
requisite
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
EDU 302
EDU 304
EDU 306
EDU 308
EDU 310
MTH 302
MTH 304
MTH 306
MTH 308
MTH 318
Educational Measurement & Evaluation
Elements of Guidance & Counselling
Educational Technology
Educational Methodologies
Primary & Early Childhood Education
Real Analysis IV
Abstract Algebra II
Ordinary Differential Equation II
Linear Algebra II
Numerical Methods II
2
2
2
2
2
3
2
3
3
3
CP
CP
CP
CP
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
C P
Total 22

400 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE
CODE
COURSE TITLE UNITS STATUS Pre-requisite
1 EDU 401 Primary and Early Childhood Education 2 EL
2 EDU 403 Information and Communication Technology in Education 2 el
3 EDU 405 Comparative Education 2 el
4 EDU 425 TEACHING PRACTICE 6 cp
5 MTH 403 Complex Analysis II 3 CP MTH 305
6 MTH 405 Abstract Algebra 3 CP MTH 304,
MTH 200
7 MTH 407 Fourier Analysis 3 CP MTH 301,
MTH 302
8 CSC 409 Discrete Mathematics 2 CP MTH 308
Total 23

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 402 Seminar in Education 2 CP
2 EDU 404 Special Education 2 Elective
3 EDU 406 Curriculum Dev. & Evaluation 2 Elective
4 EDU 408 Educational Management 2 Elective
5 EDU 410 Adolescent and Adjustment Psychology 2 Elective
6 EDU 499 Final Year Project 4 CP
7 MTH 402 Partial Differential Equation MTH 306 3 CP
8 MTH 404 Measure Theory and Lebesque Integral MTH 307,
MTH 401
2 Elective
9 MTH 406 Linear Operator I MTH 307, MTH 208 3 CP
10 MTH 408 Numerical Analysis III MTH 309, MTH 310 3 CP
11 MTH 410 Theory of Fields MTH304 3 Elective
12 CSC 402 Assembly Language 2 Elective
13 CSC 404 Multimedia Computing 3 Elective
14 CSC 406 Introduction to Graph Theory CSC 409 2 Elective
15 CSC 408 Computer Installation and Mgt. CSC 312 2 Elective
16 CSC 410 Web Publishing CSC 405 3 Elective
Total 15

* Choose at least TWO elective (One from Education & One from Mathematics)

B.Sc Ed Physics

100 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

COURSE
CODE
COURSE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT
UNIT
STATUS
1 EDU 101 History of Education 2 CP
2 GST 101 Communication in English I 2 CP
3 GST 103 Nigerian People & Culture 2 CP
4 CSC 101 Introduction to Computer Science 1 2 CP
5 PHY101 Introductory Mechanics & Properties of Matter 3 CP
6 PHY103 Introduction to Heat, Waves and Sounds 3 CP
7 PHY117 Basic Experimental Physics I 1 CP
8 MTH101 Coordinate Geometry and Vectors 2 CP
9 MTH 105 Elementary Algebra and Sets 2 CP
10 CHM 101 Introduction to Physical Chemistry 3 CP
11 CHM 111 Basic Practical Chemistry I 1 CP
TOTAL 23

 

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 102 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 MTH 102 Elements of Mechanics 2 CP
3 MTH 104 Elements of Calculus 2 CP
4 CHM 102 Introduction to Organic Chemistry II 3 CP
5 PHY 102 Electricity & Magnetism 3 CP
6 PHY 104 Introduction to Optics & Modern Physics 3 CP
7 PHY 118 Basic Experimental Physics II 1 CP
8 CSC 102 Introduction to Computer Science II 2 CP
9 GST 102 Use of Library, Study Skills & ICT 2 CP
10 GST 104 Communication in French 2 CP
22

200 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 201 Philosophy of Education 2 CP
2 EDU 203 Science Methods 2 CP
3 EDU 205 Curriculum and Instruction I 2 CP
4 EDU 207 Introduction to the Teaching Profession 1 CP
5. PHY 201 Classical Mechanics 3 CP
6. PHY 203 Vibration of Waves & Acoustics 3 CP
7. PHY 205 Heat & Thermodynamics 3 CP
8. GST 201 Communication in English II 2 CP
9. GST 203 Logic, Philosophy & Human Existence 2 CP
Total 19

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODE TITLE PRE-
REQUISITE
CREDIT UNIT STATUS
1 EDU 202 Educational Psychology II 2 CP
2 EDU 204 Educational Statistics 2 CP
3 EDU 208 Computer Application in Education 2 CP
4. PHY 202 Optics 3 CP
5. PHY 204 Electric Circuits & Electronics 3 CP
6. PHY 206 Atomic Physics 3 CP
7. PHY 218 Experimental Physics IV 1 CP
8. GST 202 History & Philosophy of Science 2 CP
9. GST 222 Peace and Conflict Resolution 2 CP
Total 20

300 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/No. COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 301 Teaching Methodologies 2 CP
2 EDU 303 Educational Administration and Planning 2 CP
3 EDU 305 Curriculum & Instruction II 2 CP
4 EDU 313 Research Methods and Data Processing 2 CP
5 PHY 301 Analytical Mechanics 3 CP
6 PHY 303 Solid State Physics I 2 CP
7 PHY 305 Optics 3 CP
8 PHY 307 Quantum Physics 2 CP
9 PHY 309 Statistics and Thermal Physics 2 Optional
10 PHY 311 Energy Sources and Energy Conversions 2 CP
11 PHY 313 Communication 2 CP
12 PHY 317 Experimental Physics V 1 CP
13 CSC 305 Data Base System 3 Optional
Total 23

SECOND SEMESTER

S/No. COURSE CODE Course title PRE-REQUISITE CREDIT Unit status
1 EDU 302 Educational Measurement and Evaluation 2 CP
2 EDU 304 Elements of Guidance & Counselling 2 CP
3 EDU 306 Educational Technology 2 CP
4 EDU 308 Educational Methodologies 2 CP
5 EDU 310 Primary & Early Childhood Educ. 2 CP
6 PHY 302 Atomic Physics II 3 CP
7 PHY 304 Solid State Physics II 3 CP
PHY 306 Introduction to Electronics and Semiconductor Devices 3 CP
8 PHY 310 Introduction to Special Theory of Relatively 2 OPTL
9 PHY 312 Workshop Practice 1 CP
10 PHY 318 Experimental Physics VI 1 CP
11 MTH 306 Ordinary Differential Equations II 3 CP
TOTAL 22

400 Level

FIRST SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODES COURSE TITLE UNITS PRE-REQUISITE STATUS
1 EDU 401 Primary and Early Childhood Education 2 ELECTIVE*
2 EDU 403 Information and Communication Technology in Education 2 elective*
3 EDU 405 Comparative Education 2 elective*
4 EDU 425 TEACHING PRACTICE 6 cp
5 PHY 401 Quantum Mechanics I 3 PHY 307 cp
6 PHY 403 Statistical Mechanics 3 PHY 309 cp
7 PHY 405 Nuclear & Particle Physics 2 PHY 206 elective*
8 PHY 407 Electromagnetic waves 3 PHY 305 cp
9 PHY 409 Geophysics I 2 PHY 210 elective*
10 PHY 413 Mathematical Methods in Physics I 3 MTH 201,
MTH 305
cp
TOTAL 24

*Electives: Choose at least ONE

SECOND SEMESTER

S/N COURSE CODES COURSE TITLE UNITS PRE-REQUISITE STATUS
1 EDU 402 Seminar in Education 2 CP
2 EDU 404 Special Education 2 Elective*
3 EDU 406 Curriculum Development & Evaluation 2 Elective*
4 EDU 408 Educational Management 2 Elective*
5 EDU 410 Adolescent and Adjustment Psychology 2 Elective*
6 EDU 499 Final Year Project 4 CP
7 PHY 402 Quantum Mechanics II 03 CP
8 PHY 404 Advanced Optics 02 CP
9 PHY 406 Nuclear & Particle Physics II 02 Elective*
10 PHY 408 Digital Electronic & Micro Processor 02 OP
11 PHY 410 Geophysics II 02 Elective*
12 PHY 412 Radiation Biophysics 02 OP
13 PHY 416 Atmospheric Physics 02 OP
PHY 418 Instrumentation & Experimental Techniques in Physics 03 CP

*Electives: Choose at least ONE

Course Description

Education

EDU 101 HISTORY OF EDUCATION (2 CREDITS): COMPULSORY

A. HISTORY OF ANCIENT EDUCATION
– Introduction to indigenous education in Nigeria
– Antecedents of modern education in Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, China, Sparta, Athens, Jews.
– Athenian Educators and educational development (Socretes, Plato and Aristotle)
– Education in Rome
– Contributions of early Philosophers to educational development (Jean – Jacques Rousseau, John Locke, Pestalozzi, Frobel, John Herbert).

B. THE COMING OF FOREIGN EDUCATION TO NIGERIA
– Eastern Education (origin, cu rriculum, methods & contributions)
– Western Education (Christian missionaries’ contribution) reasons for monopoly (1842 – early 1990s). Colonial governments’ intervention.
– Education under the regional governments
– Technical, Vocational & non-formal education

C. WESTERN EDUCATION AFTER INDEPENDENCE
– 1969 curriculum conference
– Higher education development (Ash by Commission)
– 2nd tier UPE
– 6 – 3 -3 -4 education system
– 9 – 3 – 4 education system

EDU 102 EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY I. (2 CREDITS)
The guiding principles behind this course are a broad spectrum introduction to psychology of the teacher, the learner and the learning situation. Emphasis will be placed on the following areas. The meaning and scope of psychology and educational psychology; the fields of psychology (popular views); the relevance of educational psychology to the teacher; learner; the learner and the learning situation; the concept learning (definitions);
Various aspects of learning such as gene’s eight types of learning, instrumental conditioning, SOR learning and trial and error learning, cognitive or insightful learning (discovery learning, expository learning, social learning(modeling); educational implications of these types of learning to the students; maturation and learning; readiness intelligence, theories of intelligence, heredity and environment, relationship between heredity and environment and its influence on intellectual development. It is intended that such an introduction will facilitate an insight into the rudiments of basic principles involved in teaching.

EDU 201 PHILOSOPHY Y OF EDUCATION (2 CREDITS): COMPULSORY

Objective: This course is designed to equip students with the basic philosophy and theoretical knowledge about education and to relate such knowledge to educational practice. Topics to cover include:

A. GENERAL INTRODUCTION
– Nature of theory
– Philosophy, theory, policy and curriculum

B. MAJOR SCHOOLS OF EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY
a. Idealism
b. Realism
c. Programatism

C. THEORIES OF EDUCATION
a. Perenialism
b. Progrevission
c. Essentialism
d. Existentialism

GOALS OF EDUCATION

  1. Primary Education
  2. Secondary Education
  3. Higher Education

SED 203 SCIENCE METHOD I (2 CREDITS): COMPULSORY

  • The meaning of Science
  • Nature of Science
  • Historical Development of Science Education in Nigeria
  • Science Education curriculum reforms and how students learn science
  • Methods and techniques of teaching science
  • Psychological theories of learning and their application to science teaching and curriculum.
  • Field trip

EDU 205 CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION (2 CREDITS): COMPULSORY
This is an introductory aspect of curriculum. It covers areas from definition to general principles of curriculum design and instruction.
a) Factors involved in curriculum planning.
b) Stages of curriculum planning
c) Personal involvement in curriculum planning.
d) Implementation.

EDU 207: INTRODUCTION TO THE TEACHING PROFESSION 2 C.U COMPULSORY

  • Definition of concepts
  • Teaching as a vocation
  • Professionalism
  • Qualities of a professional teacher
  • Importance of the teaching profession
  • Professional Hazards
  • Conditions of the teaching service
  • The school climate
  • Problems facing the classroom teacher

EDU 302: EDUCATIONAL MEASUREMENT & EVALUATION (2 CREDITS): COMPULSORY
An introduction to the business of test making and its interpretation, as well as acquainting students to the merits, demerits or short comings of various testing measures used by teachers.
1. Measurement:
a. Definition of measurement testing assessment and evaluation
b. Importance of measurement and evaluation in education
c. Common types of educational measurement devices
2. Definition of Continuous Assessment (C.A); Administration, Recording and uses.
3. Test:
a. Definition of Tests
b. Types of test: Definition characteristics and application
i. Objective test, essay and practical
ii Teacher made test and Standardization test.

  1. Construction and uses of test
  2. Qualities of a god test.

4. Planning a classroom test.
5. Scoring, grading and interpretation of results.
6. Record keeping and reporting of results.

EDU 303 EDUCATIONAL ADMINISTRATION & PLANNING (2 CREDITS)
Some concepts, principles and issues in the day to day running of schools, emphasis in leadership theories and organization concepts. Specific areas to be covered include: –

1. Objectives of Educational Administration and Planning in Nigeria.
2. Meaning and emergence
3. Concept and scope
4. Types of leadership
5. Theories of leadership
6. Organizing schools for effective management
7. Types of management techniques
8. Communication in school organization
9. School records
10. Time-Table Management

EDU 304 ELEMENTS OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING (2 CREDITS)
i) An examination of basic concepts and principles of guidance services.
ii) Historical development and issues in guidance services in schools.
iii) The role of the guidance counselors, teachers, parent’s students, principals etc in the organization and administration of guidance services.
iv) An examination of students’ needs and problems – biological and environmental.
v) A discussion of tests and non-test techniques including the use of cumulative Records Folder, (CRP) psychological tests etc.

EDU 306 EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY (2 CREDITS)
The course provides general principles and also specific examples of the way of selecting, creating and using wide variety of teaching materials including reading sources. The course emphasizes ways of creating and choosing teaching tools such as books, magazines, pictures, charts, radio and television programmes, drama, films, slides, models etc. Discussion of the administration of educational technology unit both in a large efficiently developed school system and one that is making a big effort in organizing for the use of educational technology material.

EDU 308 – TEACHING METHODOLOGIES (2 CREDITS)

1. Definition
2. Issues and Perspectives in Teaching Approaches
– Activities learning
– Learner participation
– Motivation in the teaching/learning process
– The learning environment
– The life experiences: field trips practicality and learning relevance
– Assessment of learning, Continuous Assessment, Timely feedbacks and result production
– Laboratory, workshop and studio utilization for better learning
– Media and multimedia opportunities in teaching
– Attention to individual differences in the learning situation
3. Varieties of Teaching Methods
– Lecture methods
– Discussion methods
– Inductive and Deductive methods
– Interactive approaches etc.

4. Records and the Reinforcement of the Teaching Methods

– The Syllabus
– The Scheme of work
– The record of work
– Lesson Plan
– Students performance records
– Stock records and Inventory

5. Micro Teaching
– Students to undertake a micro-teaching exercise
– Micro-teaching shall take 20marks of C.A (30)

EDU 313 RESEARCH METHODS AND DATA PROCESSING (2 CREDITS) COMPULSORY
i) Statistical and Computer usage.
ii) An experience in problem identification, types, design, data collection, processing, analyzing, interpreting and reporting in educational context.
iii) The use of statistics and computer as tools in educational
research.
IV) Introduction to Correlation Studies, Statistical Testing and
elementary Analysis of Variance (ANOVA); Test of Significant; F-
Test and T-Test
v) Basic statistics of central Tendency; Mean, Median, Mode and
Standard Deviation

EDU 401 PRE-PRIMARY EARLY CHILDHOOD AND PRIMARY
EDUCATION (2 CREDITS): ELECTIVE

A course focusing on the level of primary education. The structure, management, curriculum, methods of instruction, evaluation as well as the unique problems and solutions of this level of education.
A study of the Pre-Primary Child with regard to ability, emotions and general behaviour patterns; Interest and learning habits of the infants; play and early child care.

EDU 402 SEMINAR IN EDUCATION (2 CREDITS): COMPULSORY
Each student makes a seminar presentation on a relevant issue of educational significance. The seminar paper is assessed and the delivery before the faculty/Department shall constitute defense of the presentation.

EDU 403 INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY IN
EDUCATION (2 CREDITS): ELECTIVE
The course to addresses mass communication as it relates to education-both in theory and practice. The course again addresses modern modes and technologies in communication.
The basic focus of the course is based on the followings: –

1. People 2. Media
a) Journal a) Radio
b) Government b) Television
c) Audience c) Film
d) Print

3. Messages 4. Technology
a) Public Service a) Traditional
b) Commercial Adverts b) modern
c) Instructional Programmes
d) Commercial Programmes

Each part takes a rather different approach addressing how communication & information is disseminated.
Although we are primarily concerned here with mass communication in education the course also discussed theory and research whenever appropriate and concretizes the discussions with examples of classroom applications at the schools.
EDU 405 COMPARATIVE EDUCATION (2 CREDITS): ELECTIVE
A comparative study of educational processes and systems in various social settings. At least one setting from each of a West African country other than Nigeria; British Education tends; American educational focus, the Russian or Asian educational system. Focus will be on how these systems operate too advance developmental trend as well as taking into account what Nigeria would require to advance forward. A comparison of educational trends in Nigeria in the Colonial period, post colonial era, and the periods in the National development Plan from the late 70s. The UPE era education system, the UBE and their progress in current systems.

EDU 408 EDUCATIONAL MANAGEMENT (2 CREDITS): ELECTIVE
Some advanced treatment of the administration of education, taking into account discussions of the principles of delegated responsibility, collective decision making consultations, conflict resolution and crisis management in schools. The focus on planning would take into account budgeting, organizing and feasibility studies as essential components in the administrative process. Discussion of and merits of strategic planning, the process of strategic planning and its merits.

EDU 410 ADOLESCENCE ADJUSTMENT PSYCHOLOGY (2 CREDITS): ELECTIVE
A study of advanced concepts in psychology such as Motivation, Personality, Psychometric studies as applied in Education in Nigeria. An examination of maturational, physical, emotional and intellectual problems associated with development in adolescence. The psychological needs of the adolescent for adjustment. The facilitative role of guidance and counseling in the teaching and learning situation.

Techniques of behaviour modification treated. Mental health and adjustment: symptoms and causes of maladjustment, and the role of the school to minimize maladjustment in adolescents.

EDU 425 TEACHING PRACTICE (6 CREDITS): COMPULSORY
Twelve weeks shall be spent solely on practical teaching in a recognized institution. The student teacher shall engage in the overall daily activities of the school day, including administration and co-curricular activities.

EDU 499 RESEARCH PROJECT (4 CREDITS): COMPULSORY
Astudent shall conduct research in the final year and submit a research project in Education. Each project is produced in conformity to the standard and presentation as stipulated by the Faculty and the Department. All projects are supervised and subject to external moderation.
The completed project report is submitted in the second semester of the session for all students at 400 level.

General Courses

GST 101 COMMUNICATION IN ENGLISH I (2 CREDITS)
Effective communication and writing in English language skills, writing of essay, comprehension, sentence construction, outlines and paragraphs, collection, organization of materials and logical presentation, punctuation.

GST 103 NIGERIAN PEOPLES AND CULTURE (2 CREDITS)
Study of Nigerian history, culture and arts in pre-colonial times, Nigerians perception of his world, culture areas of Nigeria and their characteristics, evolution of Nigeria as a political unit, indigene/settler phenomenon, concepts of trade, economic self-reliance, social justice, individual and national development, norms and values, negative attitudes and conducts (cultism and related vices), re-orientation of moral and national values, moral obligations of citizens, environmental problem.

GST 102 USE OF LIBRARY AND STUDY SKILLS (2 CREDITS)
Brief history of libraries, Library and education, University libraries and other types of libraries, study skills (reference services), types of library materials, using library resources including e-library, e-materials, etc, Understanding library catalogues (card, OPAC, etc) and classification, copyright and its implications, Database resources, Bibliographic citations and referencing. Development of modern ICT, hardware technology, Software technology, input devices, storage devices, Output devices, Communication and internet services, word processing skills (typing, etc).

GST 104 COMMUNICATION IN FRENCH (2 CREDITS)
Introduction of French, Alphabets and numeric for effective communication (written and oral), conjugation and simple sentence construction based on communication approach, sentence construction, comprehension and reading of simple texts.

GST 106 COMMUNICATION IN ARABIC (2 CREDITS)
Introduction to Arabic alphabets and writing systems, Elementary conversational drills, Basic reading skills, Sentence construction in Arabic.

GST 201 COMMUNICATION IN ENGLISH II (2 CREDITS)
Logical presentation of papers, phonetics, instruction on lexis, Art of public speaking and oral communication, Figures of speech, Précis, Reports writing.

GST 203 LOGIC, PHILOSOPHY & HUMAN EXISTANCE (2 CREDITS)
Philosophical foundations of human existence, A survey of the main branches of philosophy; Nature of philosophical problems, philosophy and the evolution of knowledge, Scientific and non-scientific knowledge, Truth, belief and opinion. Appearance and reality; Basic notions in social and political philosophy, authority, power, equality, freedom, justices, etc
GST 202 HISTORY & PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE (2 CREDITS)
Man his origin and nature, man and his cosmic environment, scientific methodology, science and technology in society and service of man, renewable and non-renewable resources – man and his energy resources, environmental effects of chemical plastics, Textiles, Wastes and other material, chemical and radiochemical hazards, introduction to the various areas of science and technology.
GST 222 PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION I (2 CREDITS)
Basic concepts in peace studies and conflict resolution, peace as vehicle of unity and development, conflict issues, types of conflicts, e.g. Ethnic/religious/politics/economic conflicts, root causes of conflicts and violence in Africa, indigene/settler phenomenon, peace – building, management of conflict and security.

Elements of peace studies and conflict resolution, Developing a culture of peace mediation and peace-keeping, Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) Dialogue/arbitration in conflict resolution, role of international organizations in conflict resolution, E.g. ECOWAS, African Union, United Nations, etc

GST 301 INTRODUCTION TO ENTERPRENEURIAL SKILLS (2 CREDITS)
Introduction to entrepreneurship and new creation; Entrepreneurship in theory and practice; the opportunity, forms of business, staffing, marketing and the new venture; Determining capital requirements, Raising capital; Financial planning and management; Starting a new business, Feasibility studies, innovation; legal issues; insurance and environmental considerations, possible business opportunities in Nigeria.

Biology

Bs. Ed Biology 100 – 400 level

BIO 101: GENERAL BIOLOGY I (2 Units) (Introductory Plant Systematics)
Principal groups of plants, representative life cycles, forms and functions, physiology modes of nutrition, reproduction, growth and development.

BIO 102: INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY II (4 UNITS)
Fundamental principles of classification. Plant classification: Viruses, Bacteria, Fungi, Algae, Lichens, Liverworts, and Moses, Vascular plants. External morphology, internal structure and functions of the stem, root and leaf, flower general structure and diversity. Animal classification: Protozoa, coelenterates, platy helminthes, nematode, annelida, arthropoda, mollusca, enhinodermata and vertebrate.
BIO 104: INTRODUCTORY BIOLOGY III (3 UNITS)
Patterns of inheritance and gene expressions, multiple alleles, mutation, genetic disease e.g. sickle cell, colour, blindness, tasters and non – tasters. The origin and early evolution of life. Variation and evolution in organisms. Ecology: concept of population, community, habitat, environment and ecosystem. Patterns of growth and development, Animal development, cleavage, gastrulation, formation of neural tube, notochord, mesoderm. Origin of coelom. Development of birds and mammals, extra embryonic membranes. Larval forms. Metamorphosis. Development in flowering plant.

BIO 201: GENETICS I (2 Units)
Hereditable and non-hereditable characteristics. Probability and tests of goodness of fit. Quantative in heritance; Variation in genome structure. Introduction to population genetics.

BIO 202: QUANTITATIVE METHODS IN BIOLOGY 1 (3 UNITS)
Presentation of data, graphs, scatter diagrams, histograms, logarithmic and others types of graph paper. Simple Statistical distribution. Test of significance, between two or more samples, t – tests, x2 goodness of fit and simple analysis of variance. Testing to see if there is a relation between two series of observations, regression and correlation.
BIO 204: CELL BIOLOGY (3 UNITS) PRE – REQUISITE: BIO 101, BIO 201, BCH. 201
The cell as the unit or structure of living things. Cell structure and function: the cell theory, sizes and shapes, the cell membrane, the nucleus, cytoplasm, ribosome’s, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, plastids, vacuoles, lysosomes, micro – tubules, centrioles, cilia and flagella, cell coatings. Energy flow in the cell: the metabolism of cells and movement of water and solutes between cells, osmosis, phogocytosis and pinocytosis. Energy release in the cell: anabolism and catabolism (fermentation, cellular respiration, anaerobic breakdown, the cytochrome enzyme system, the citric acid cycle). Photosynthesis.
BOT 202: HIGHER PLANTS (2 UNITS)
Morphology and reproduction of seed plants.
ZOO 202: VERTABRATES (3 UNITS)
Organization and biology of the vertebrates
BIO 205: BASIC BIOLOGICAL TECHNIQUES I: (1 Unit )
Miscroscope. Preparation of microscope slides, Photometry, colorimetry, Chromatogtaphy, Condoctometry, Experimental Design.

BOT 201: CRYTOGAMIC BOTANY (2 Units)
Review of the thallophyta, bryophyte and pterdophyta, characteristics of the groups and their phylogenetic relationships, the development of more advanced structures and their origin from lower plant groups, comparative study of life histories to emphasize the differences between groups

ZOO 201: INVERTEBRATA (2 Units)
General classification of invertebrates, characteristics of the main classes, level of organization, biology of some selected invertebrates of economic importance, e.g. mollusca and arthropoda, possible phylogenetic relationships, evolution and adaptive biology of the major invertebrate groups.

BIO 301: HYDROBIOLOGY (2 Units)
Principles of aquatic biology with particular reference to limnology, the physical properties of water and their biological significance, thermal strafication of lakes, waves and currents and their effects on substratum, dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide and inorganic ions in freshwater, the carbonate-bicarbonate system and PH, eutrophic and oligotrophic lakes the chemical composition of African lake waters, freshwater communities, factors influencing the distribution and productivity of aquatic macrophtyes, phytoplanktion, benthic algae, zooplankton in freshwater, the marine, brackish water/estuarine communications, and chemical factors, colonization and succession, production, adaptations and inter-relationships. (2 credit units; pre-requisite – None).

BIO 304: HISTOLOGY (3 UNITS)
PRE – REQUISITE : BOT. 201, BOT. 202, ZOO. 201, ZOO. 202.
What is histology? Usefulness of histology – tools and methods of histology – the microscope. Different types of microscopes – bright field and dark field microscope, fluorescence microscope polarizing microscope, ultra – violet microscope, electron microscope. Histological studies, structure and function of the following mammalian tissue: epithelial, connective, cartilage, Bone Blood, lymphatic, muscular, Nervous and the following plant cells: parenchyma, collenchyma, chlorenchyma, scherenchyma and tracheids. Histology of the following mammalian organs: skin, the digestive, respiratory, circulation, excretory, nervous, reproductive and endocrine system as well as the eye, ear and olfactory organ.
BOT 302: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (3 UNITS)
PRE – REQUISITE – BOT 201, BOT 203, BCH 201.
The growth of plants and curvature under various stimuli, plant hormones. Plasticity in plants. Respiration, (Glycolysis, krebs cycle, electron transport chain, use of ATP energy). Water relations of plants. Plants nutrition and the functioning and structure of plant roots. Internal transport: ascet of sap and translocation of solutes. Introduction to photosynthesis at the whole plant level (Co2 diffusion, light interception, temperature dependence). Seed morphology, germination and early growth. Flowering, senescence and abscission.

BOT 301: SYSTEMATICS OF FLOWERING PLANTS (3 Units)
Pre – requisite BIO 201
Definition: systematic, taxonomy, classification, aims and objectives. Essentialism, empiricism and Darwinism in plant taxonomy: variation and speciation, phylogenetics systems and neo-empiricism, principles and practice of taxonomy, taxonomic characters, convergence and divergence. Field and herbariums techniques. Selected families of flowering plants: emphasis on geographical spread, morphological variation within each family, interfamily relations, economic, significance and typical genera and species in each family. Emphasis throughout on competence in the use of keys and floras.

BOT 303: COMPARATIVE PLANT ANATOMY (2 Units)
Characteristics and classification of tissues, meristem organization, evolution of vascular tissues, comparative 2 wood anatomy, anatomical adaptations to specialized habitats, applied aspects of plant anatomy.

BOT 304: ALGOLOGY (2 Units) Pre- requisite BOT 203, BIO 205.
A detailed account of the systematics, morphology, reproductive systems, life histories
and ecology of freshwater and marine algae. Including considerations of their biological
and economic importance

BOT 305: MYCOLOGY (2 Units)
A detailed account of the systematics, morphology, life cycles, and dissemination of fungi with special reference to those of economic importance, and consideration of standard mycological techniques.

BOT 307: PRINCIPLES OF PLANT BREEDING (2 Units)
The objectives of plant breeding, origin and domestication of basis of breeding, self pollinated and cross pollinated crops. Breeding methods, pure line breeding and mass selection, pedigree method bulk population breeding, back cross breeding. Recurrent selection beterosis, chromosome manipulation.

BOT 308: ANGIOSPERMAE (2 Units)
Origin and evolution of angiosperms with special reference to their reproductive parts and vascular elements, morphology and anatomy of angiosperms, comparative study of classes of angiosperms, life histories of selected members which are of economic/botanical importance.

BOT 310: PLANT HISTOLOGY (2 Units)
What is histology? Usefulness of histology – tools and methods of histology – the microscope. Different types of microscope – bright field and dark field microscope, fluorescence microscope polarizing microscope, ultra – violet microscope, electron microscope. Histological studies, structure and function of the following plant cells:
parenchyma, collenchyma, chloronchyma, scelerenchyma and tracheids, nervous, reproductive and endocrine system as well as the eye, ear and alfactory organ.

ZOO 302: PARASITIC PROTOZOANS (2 Units)
General survey of parasitic protozoans. Distribution and incidence, morphology, habits and biology, pathogenicity, mode of infection epidemiology, Diagnosis (to include
cultivation) and prevention of common parasitic protozoans.

ZOO 308: INSECT AND HYGIENE (2 Units)
Insect vectors and human affairs, vector control with pesticides and danger to human health. Malaria and its vectors, their effects on man ways of gaining protection from them. Organization of public health laboratory services.

BIO 401: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY (2 Units)
Membrane structure and properties of cells. Metabolic pathways, genes and chromosomes, nucleic acids, replication, transcription and translation, gene expression and regulation, protein synthesis. Genetic code, DNA replication mechanisms regulation of gene function, one gene-one Enzyme theory.

BIO 402: FIELD COURSE (2 Units)
Field trips are conducted to fulfill the requirements of field ecology, hydrobiology, entomology, plant soil relations, etc. The trips include local visits to game and forest
reserves. Institutions of pure and applied biology, seashores and man-made lakes

BOT 402: ADVANCE PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (2 Units)
Bud and seed dormancy, biochemistry of seed germination, chemical control of plant growth – natural and artificial controls, the occurrence, structure and mode of action of growth regulators – promoters, inhibitors and herbicides, plant pollutants and their mode of action.

BIO 403: ENVIRONMENTAL MODELING (2 Units)
Models in ecology. Distribution between stochastic and deterministic models. Mathematical models: predator-prey models, host- parasitoid models. Large scale models of ecosystems. Global modeling. The relevance of models to field data.

BOT 404: PLANT TAXONOMY (2 Units)
Taxonomy and its significant principles and concepts in plant taxonomy. Construction and use of taxonomic keys. Experimental taxonomy with special emphasis on cytotaxonomy and chematoxonomy.

BIO 405: APPLIED CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES (2 Units)
Plant genetic resources in breeding; seed preservation, viability and health. Food crops and their wild relatives; forest species; Botanical gardens and arboreta. Gene banks. Safe movement of gerplasm. Principles of wild life management. Wildlife in Nigeria; conservation policies, problems and prospects. World wildlife resources, differences in values, management philosophies and traditions. Environmental pollutants. Bush-burning. Conservation of mineral resources. Techniques of wild life conservation.

BOT 401 ECONOMIC BOTANY (2 Units)
Plants of economic importance such as cotton, groundnuts, cocoa, etc. Their origin, distribution, agronomic practices, breeding, diseases and control, processing and marketing, weed biology and control methods, edible and poisonous fungus, mechanism of food and crop spoilage economic plants improvements (Grafting)

BOT 405: PLANT REPRODUCTION (2 Units)
Vegetative Reproduction , Sexual Reproduction. The nature of sexual and asexual reproduction, in both unicellular and multicellular plants. Alternation of generation of Mosses , ferns and gymnosperms,. Progressive sterilization of sporogenerous tissues in Bryophytes, Angiosperms and gymnosperms. The flower and its pollinations: structure of anther, deliscance of anther, structure of ovary, structure of ovule, formation of embryo sac. Formation of male gametophyte. Fertilization and double fertilization Gametophytic and sporophytic incompatibility systems in grasses, fruit development: relationship between the pistil, structure of the anther structure of certain simple fruits. Simple. Capsular, succulent, multiple and composite and plant regeneration. ( from cultured explants and protoplants using tobacco, potato, citrus etc), problems and prospects.

BOT 406: PASTURE AND FORAGE MANAGEMENT. (2 Units)
This course will examine the different types of forage plants, their biology, ecology and distribution; grazing and carrying capacity; range, pests, handling of livestock and livestock in environmental conservation.

BOT 408: MUSHROOM FARMING/CULTIVATION (2 Units)
Taxonomy of fungi. General fungal ecology. General life cycle of fungi. Characteristics of the mushroom (to include both anatomy and physiology Climatic requirement i.e. temperature humidity, light, 02 level ventilation cultivation on; log wood, pulverized sterilized substrate, and fermented substrate, all to include substrate preparation n and spawn production.

Chemistry

Bs. Ed Chemistry 100 – 400 level
chm 101:Introduction To Physical Chemistry: (3 units) CP
Equilibrium- Equilibrium State, mass action, equilibrium constant and calculations, changes in equilibrium, dissociation and calculations, PH, titrations and indicators, buffer solutions, solubility products, hydrolysis. Thermodynamics – System and functions, first law, second day, free energy changes. Molar concentration and chemical equilibrium.
Electrochemistry – Oxidation and reduction in terms of electron transfer, electric conductivity, (metallic and electrolytic) Electrolysis; Galvanic cells, fuel cells, electrode potentials, Nernst’s equation, free energy and cell voltage.
Radioactivity – Stability of nucleus, half life, natural and artificial radioactivity, radioactive particles alpha, beta and gamma ray, application of radioactivity. Chemical Kinetics, definitions of concept, factors affecting rates reactions, collision theory, and energy diagrams.

CHM 102 INTRODUCTION TO ORGANIC CHEMISTRY (2 UNITS) CP
Historical survey of the development and importance of organic Chemistry; classes and nomenclatures of organic compounds; Homologous series, functional groups; isolation and purification of organic compounds; qualitative and quantitative organic chemistry; Stereochemistry; Determination of structure of organic compounds; Electronic theory in organic chemistry; saturated hydrocarbons; Unsaturated hydrocarbons.
chm 103: Introduction To Inorganic Chemistry 1: ( 2 units) cp
Atoms, molecules and chemical reactions; Atomic structure and periodicity, modern electronic theory of actions; chemical equations and stoichiometry, chemical bonding and properties of gases.
CHM 104 INTRODUCTION TO INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (2 UNITS) CP
Periodic table and periodic properties, valence force, structure of solids; The chemistry of selected metals and non-metal; Hybridization and shapes of simple molecules and orbital; comparative chemistry of group 1 (alkali metals) II (alkaline earth metals) and IV (carbon group) elements, Introduction to transition metals chemistry.
chm iii: Basic Practical Chemistry i (1 unit) CP
Selected experiments from CHM 101 and CHM 103 (Volumetric
analysis)

CHM 112 BASIC PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY II (1 UNIT) CP
Selected experiment from CHM 102 and CHM 104 (inorganic and organic analysis for ions and functional groups)
chm 201: PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY: (3 units) CP
Chemical thermodynamics. Description of thermodynamic systems: First law thermodynamics and its application to ideal gases; thermo chemistry; Second law of thermodynamics and its applications. Entropy changes in reversible and irreversible processes. Third law of thermodynamics. Molecules Kinetics theory. Velocity of gas molecules. Kinetic energy of transition and temperature; Principle of equipartition of energy and relationship to heat capacities of gases. Predictions of molar heat capacities of gases. Distribution of molecular velocities; Root-mean-square velocity, average velocity and probable velocity. Frequency of collision mean free path. Elements of chemical kinetics; Rate constants of reactions; factors affecting reaction rate; Order the molecularity of a reaction. Types of reactions; Half-life time; Elements of electrochemistry;

pre-requisiste: chm 101:
chm 203: Inorganic Chemistry I: (3 Units) CP
General properties of P. block elements; Occurrences and extraction of elements in general; group properties. Compounds of B, Al, Ga (Oxides, Halides, Hydrides). Structure and properties of boranes, alumina. General properties and periodic trends of carbon, Si, Ga, Sn and Pb – stereochemistry and bonding in their compounds. Important elements of groups V,VI, and VII and their compounds – Oxides and carbonates; group properties. General properties and importance of transition elements; metallic properties, coloured ions, variable valences, formation of complex ions, nomenclature of complexes and uses of complex compounds. Differences between first and last two transition and general properties of Cu, Ag and Au.Introduction to organometallic chemistry. Role of metals in biochemical systems.
pre-requisiste: chm 103:
CHM 204 INORGANIC CHEMISRTY II (2 UNITS) CP
Introduction to nuclear chemistry; composition of the atom, isotopes and isobars, nuclear binding energy, stability of the nucleus, properties of a-, a-, and a-rays, detection of radiations. Aston’s mass spectrograph, separation of isotopes, radioactivity; radioactive disintegration, Group displacement law, half life period, average life period, nuclear transformation and classification of nuclear reactions-nuclear fission and fusion. Radioactive tracers and their applications, Trans-uranium elements, applications of radioactivity.
pre-requisiste: chm 101, chm 103
chm 205: Organic Chemistry: (3 Units) CP
Introduction to the determination of structure and physical methods in organic chemistry. Introduction to theoretical concepts. Detailed consideration of the reaction pathways of functional groups. Selected synthesis methods. Introduction to alicylic chemistry. Stereochemistry of organic compounds.
pre-requisiste: chm 102:
CHM 206 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II (1 UNITS) CP
Chemistry of compounds containing two or more functional groups. Carbonhydrates; mono and Di-saccharides, amino acids, peptides and proteins. Chemistry of heterocyclic compounds (furan, thiophene and pyridine). Fused ring system; naphthalene, authracene and phenanthrene.
pre-requisiste: chm 102 and CHM 205
CHM 208 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY (2 UNITS) CP
Theory of errors; statistical treatment of data; theory of sampling chemical methods of analysis including volumetric, gravimetric and physiochemical methods, optical methods of analysis; separation methods.
pre-requisiste: chm 101; chm 102 and CHM 103
chm 211: Practical Chemistry I: (Inorganic) (1 unit) CP
Selected from CHM 103

CHM 214 PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY II: (Inorganic) (1 Units) CP
Selected from CHM 205 and 206
chm 301: Electrochemistry: (2 units) CP
Brief history of Electrochemistry. Types of conductors. Theories of electrolytic dissociation and ionic interaction. Electrolytic conductance. Debye-Huckel theory. Reversible electrode potentials. Nernst equation. types of electrodes. Standard electrode potentials and electrochemical series. Types of galvanic cells. Concentration cells. Liquid junction potential. Measurement of e.m.f and its applications. Irreversible electrode processes. Faraday’s laws of electrolysis.
pre-requisiste: chm 201:
CHM 302 CHEMICAL KINETICS (2 UNITS) CP
Rate expression and the order molecularity of reactions; unimolecular, bimolecular and tetra molecular reactions. First, second and third order reactions. Methods of determination of reactions order. Effect of temperature on reaction rates. Arrhenius equation and activation energy concept. Collision theory. Transition state theory and its thermodynamic interpretations. Reactions in solution. Effect of ionic strength on reaction rates.
pre-requisiste: chm 201:
chm 303: Colloid and Surface Chemistry: (2 Units) OP
Type and general properties of colloidal system. Preparation of colloidal solution. Optical kinetic and electrical properties of sols. Annan membrane equilibrium. Gels, Emulsions, foams, surface tension of liquids. Interfacial tension and spreading of liquids solutions. Insoluble surface films. Adsorption and its types. Adsorption isotherms. Determination of surface area of adsorbents.
Application of catalysis by solid surface. Slightly, moderately and strongly absorbed reactant gases. Retarded reactions. Order of heterogeneous reactions. Effect of temperature. Catalytic poisons.
pre-requisiste: chm 201:

CHM 304 METAL, ALLOYS AND PHASE EQUILIBRIA (2 UNITS) OP
Introduction; Arrangement of atoms in metals, bonding in metals, free electrons theory of metals. Insulator and semi-conductors. Alloys and their classifications. Phase rule, definition and derivation, one component system, two and three components systems application.
pre-requisiste: chm 201:
chm 305: Statistical Mechanics: (2 Units) CP
Statistical distribution, Gibbs distribution. The Maxwell – Boltzmann distribution. Entropy and probability. The partition functions. Evaluation of the partition function ( to include transitional, rotational, vibration, electronic and nuclear partition functions). The Fermi – Dirac and Bose – Einstein Statistics.
pre-requisiste: chm 101:
CHM 306 GROUP THEORY, SYMMETRY (2 UNITS) OP
Some Ideas of matrices and vectors. Definitions and theorems of group theory. Properties and examples of groups, subgroups and classes. Representation of groups, character table and their application of chemical bounding and point groups. Group multiplications tables’ symmetry groups, molecular symmetry, classification of symmetries, symmetry operators and symmetries in co-ordination compounds (co-ordination number 2 – 8)

pre-requisiste: chm 201 and CHM 203
CHM 308 SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES IN INORGANIC CHEMISTRY
(2 UNITS) CP
Introduction to theory of various methods and applications of visible, ultraviolet and infrared spectrophotometry. Flame photometry, fluorescence and phosphorescence. Atomic absorption and emission spectrophotometry. Flame photometry. Arch and spark spectrography and electron spin resonance and simple statistical calculations.
pre-requisiste: chm 203 and CHM 208

chm 309: Environmental Chemistry: (2 Units). CP
Concepts of elementary cycles. Characteristics of the atmosphere. Sources, types and effects of environmental pollution. Wate water treatment. Composition of domestic wastes. Water chemistry and analysis. Chemical and physical instrumentation in environment sciences.
pre-requisiste: chm 208:
CHM 310 ALICYCLIC CHEMISTRY, STRREOCHEMISTRY AND CONFORMATIONAL ANALYSIS (3 UNITS) OP
Synthesis, properties and reactions of small, medium and large ring alicyclic compounds, ring stain and relativity, bridged ring compounds; Macrocyclic and catonances, structural isomers and stereoisomers, definitions and nomenclature, barrier to iterconcersion by chemical and physical method. Molecules dissymethyl, allenes,sipro compounds and dipheyls; comformation of cyclic molecules, basic principles of conformation analysis (cyclohexanes) physical methods in conformational analysis.
pre-requisiste: chm 205 & CHM 206
CHM 312 INDUSTRIAL CHEMISTRY (2 UNITS) CP
General discussion about the industrial importance of inorganic chemistry with stress over glass industry, steel industry, fertilizers and their importance. The relationships between chemistry, technology and economics in the chemical industry, primary raw materials for manufacture of organic chemicals: (a) fats and oil, (b) carbohydrates, (c) Petroleum refining processes; origin of the petrochemical industry; the basic building blocks used in the organic chemical industry-ethylene, propylene, C4 hydrocarbons and aromatic hydrocarbons. Surface preparation and treatments. Corrosion problems in industry, corrosion prevention, electroplating, electro synthesis.
pre-requisiste: chm 203 & CHM 205
chm 313: Organic Synthesis: (2 Units) Optional
Simple functional group transformations of aliphatic and aromatic compounds, extending and shortening a carbon chain and application of named reactions in organic synthesis, protecting group concept, oxidation and reductions. Synthetic use of carbon rearangement reactions. Synthesis of stereoisomers. Synthetic reagents.
pre-requisiste: chm 205 & 206
chm 315: Petrochemistry: ( 1 Unit). CP
Petroleum in the contemporary energy scene. Nature, classification and composition of crude petroleum and natural gases. Distribution of petroleum and natural resources ( the global and Nigerian situations) petroleum technology, survey of refinery products and process. Petrochemicals in industrial raw materials prospects for the petrochemical industry in Nigeria.
pre-requisiste: chm 205
CHM 316 RADIOCHEMISTRY (1 UNIT) CP
Natural radioactions, fusion, fission, decay processes nature of radiation. Nuclear models, energy of nuclear reaction. Principles and measurement of radioactivity. Applications for radioactivity, radiation hazards.
pre-requisiste: chm 201 & CHM 203
chm 317: Polymer Chemistry: (1 Unit) CP
The nature of polymer nomenclature. Outline of sources of raw materials for polymers; Polymerisation process, condensation solubility and solution properties of polymers structure and properties of polymers. Fibre forming polymers.
pre-requisiste: chm 20 5 & chm 206:
chm 319: Laboratory Chemistry (Organic): (1 Unit) CP
Selected experiments from CHM 310 and CHM 313
CHM 320 INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS (2 UNITS) CP
Spectroscopic techniques. Quantitative analysis. X-ray methods. Fluorescence methods nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electron spin resonance. Refractometry and interferometry. Polarimetry, polargraphy and calorimetry.
pre-requisiste: chm 208

CHM 322 LABORATORY CHEMISTRY III (PYYSICAL) (1 UNIT) CP
Selected experiments from CHM 301, CHM 302 and CHM 303.
NB: 8 credit units from the optional courses are to be taken by the 300-level students as electives. This must be done in consultation with their Academic adviser.
CHM 402 QUANTUM CHEMISTRY (1 UNIT) CP
Postulates of quantum mechanics; uncertainty principle; the wave function; the schrodinger equation; the bohr aton; Hamiltonian; laplace and Hermitian operator; Angular momentum; solution of the schrodinher equation; eigen values and eigen function; perturbation and variation methods.
pre-requisiste: chm 201 & CHM 305
chm 404 THEORY AND APPLICATION OF MOLECULAR
SPECTROSCOPY (3 UNITS) CP
Quantum theory of rotation and vibration, theory microwave, IR, raman, UV, visible and NMR spectroscopy. General introduction of electron spin resonance, Mossbauer effect, nuclear quandrupole resonance and other modern techniques. Principles and applications of UV, IR, NMR and mass spectroscopy to the determination and elucidation of structure of organic compounds.
pre-requisiste: chm 308
CHM 410 MOLECULAR PROPERTIES AND ANALYTICAL METHODS (2
UNITS) CP
Dipole moments, magnetic moments; mass spectrometry, electron spin resonance, magnetic resonance; infra-red and Raman spectrometry. Chromatographic methods, adsorption, partition, GLC and iron exchange; electro-analysis; radiochemical analysis.
pre-requisiste: chm 208 & CHM 320
CHM 414 CARBONHYDRATES AND AROMATICCITY (2 UNITS) OP
Chemistry of mono-acid di-sacharides and their derivatives; polysaccharides, starch and cellulose: Localized chemical bonding, delocalized chemicaol bonding, reasonce and resonance energy, the Huckel rule: Aromaticity in small, medium, medium and large rings, antiaromaticity; other types of organic compounds.
pre-requisiste: chm 205 & CHM 206
chm 416 ororganic SYNTHESES and reaction mechanism
(1 unit) op
More detailed consideration of the methods and mechanisms discussed in 300 level. Current synthetic procedures; current view(s) on some reaction pathways.
pre-requisiste: chm 313 & CHM 412

Geography

Bs. Ed Geography 100 – 400 level

GEO 101 INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY I (2 UNITS)
The composition and structure of the lithosphere and hydrosphere, major rock types; nature, distribution and significance of first order land forms of the earth. Faults, folds, Volcanic city and earthquakes. Land forms produced by water and wind.
GEO 102 INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY II (2 UNITS)
The earth’s heat budget; atmospheric and oceanic circulation systems, the earth’s radiation, solar radiation, structure of the atmosphere vertical temperature distribution and introduction to the changing of energy in ecosystem.
GEO 103 INTRODUCTION TO ELEMENTS OF HUMAN GEOGRAPHY I(2 UNITS).
The scope of Human geography and its relation to physical geography. World populations: Its distribution and pattern of growth. Demographic characteristics of selected populations, Human settlements: evolution patterns and function. Inter-relationships between urban and rural settlements.
GEO 104 INTRODUCTION TO ELEMENTS OF HUMAN GEOGRAPHY II
(2 UNITS)
Environmental Resources: the concept of resources; type of resources and their global distribution; relationship between resources and tertiary activities; impact of human activities on the environment at vary level of technology and population densities. The role of movement: flows of people, goods energy and ideas.
GEO 105 INTRODUCTION TO PRACTICAL GEOGRAPHY (3 UNITS)
Map Reading: Form and layout, conventional signs, scale and method of expressing scales, measurement of distances and areas, location (grids), types and reliability of maps, representation of relief and recognition of relief forms,
Enlargement and Reduction of areas and physical information on topographical maps, indivisibilities and profile construction.
GEO 106 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIROMENTAL SCIENCES (2 UNITS)
Environmental system such as atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. Current environmental issues such as water, air and soil pollution; other natural hazards such as drought flood erosion, desertification and pests/diseases.
GEO 201 SPATIAL ORGANISATION OF SOCIETY (3 UNITS)
Some basic concepts of spatial organization: principles of classification of geographical phenomena: growth and spatial distribution of population. Production system; location, spacing and growth of settlements; movements over space and transport networks. Land use; typology, patterns of interaction.
GEO 202 INTRODUCTION TO GEOMORPHOLOGY AND SOIL GEOGRAPHY (2 UNITS)
The meaning and scope of Geomorphology. Rock types, ad their origin, relief forms of the continents. Landforms processes: weathering, slope evolution and mass wasting: The interface, Evolution of fluvial landscape. Meaning and scope of soil Geography, fundamental soil properties, factors and process of soil formation. Distribution and description of soil types.
GEO 203: INTRODUCTION TO CLIMATOLOGY AND BIOGEOGRAPHY
(3 UNITS)
The general circulation of the atmosphere: scales and laws of friction, forces that drive the atmosphere, Instrumentation and observation, major features and models of the circulation, weather producing systems air masses and fronts, frontal and non-frontal depressions, Tropical Systems. Meaning and scope of Biogeography, factors influencing plant growth
GEO 204 GEOGRAPHY OF ADAMAWA STATE (2 UNITS)
Adamawa State in terms of its physical characteristics, Economics activities, social infrastructures, population and settlements.
GEO 205: MAP ANALYSIS (3 UNITS)
Analysis and interpretation of relief forms and cultural features on maps. Graphical and map presentation of geographical data; Isoclines maps, choropleth Maps; Dot Map; flow maps; histograms; and pie charts.
GEO 206 AIRPHOTO INTERPRETATION (2 UINTS)
Introduction to Aerial photographs. Instruments and methods of air-photo reading. The use of stereoscopes for identification of objects. Construction of overlaps and sketch maps. Use of aerial photo in environmental monitoring.
GEO 207: ELEMENTARY CARTOGRAPHY (3 UNITS):
History of map making. Techniques of map making. Types of maps, Design and principles of the various map projection. Basic contour compilation, profiles flow maps, pie graphs, bar graphs.
GEO 208 STATISTICS FOR GEOGRAPHERS (2 UNITS)
The place of statistics in geographic research. Subscripts and summations. Data description and characteristics. Frequency distributions and graphic presentation. Measures of central tendency and variability. Methods of sampling; the concept of probability, Chi-square, T-test, nearest neighbor analysis, sample correlations and regression analysis.

GEO 209: ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING PRINCIPLES (2 UNITS)
Concept of Environment: Man-environment relationship, the concept of environmental and urban design consideration, Basic elements of environmental planning, objectives and scope of environmental planning, styles of environmental planning, environmental planning and design teams, basic planning concepts.

GEO 210 SETTLEMENT GEOGRAPHY (2 UNITS)
The course analyses rural-urban settlement as parts of an interacting system of population distribution. Settlement processes and types form variety of world regions are considered with special emphasis on Nigeria. History of early urbanism; the industrial revolution and mass urbanization. Typologies and settlements; function of villages and cities. Rural settlement and the organization of rural space. Locational principles, marketing and central places. Components of settlements, morphology and residents. Rural-Urban relations; Field work forms a part of this course.

GEO 211: ELEMENTARY SURVEYING (2 UNITS):
Principles of Land surveying; chain surveying, plane table surveying prismatic compass traverse survey, heights and slope measurements

GEO 301: HISTORY OF GEOGRAPHIC THOUGHT (3 UNITS)
Survey of beginnings of geographic thought: Greek classical school; the middle Ages; The role of Islamic thought: The European schools of 17th, 18th and 19th centuries; determinism versus positivism; regional geographies; contemporary and radical geography; Quantitative revolution.
GEO 303: CLIMATOLOGY (2 UNITS):
Scope, content and trends in climatology, surface and upper atmospheric pollution; The measurement and analysis of the elements and controls of climate. Heat and water balance of the earth atmosphere system, Climatic classifications; Evidence and theories of climatic change.
GEO 304 BIOGRAPHY (2 UINTS)
Scope of biography, Biogeographical divisions of the earth, plant succession and climate. The concept of ecosystem, population dynamics and natural checks on numbers. Disturbed ecosystems, conservation of biogeographically resources.
GEO 306 GEOMORPHOLOGY (2 UNITS):
Contemporary studies in geomorphology, geographical systems, cycle of erosion; slope evolution models: climatic geomorphology; continental drift and plate tectonics.
GEO 309: ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY (2 UNITS):
International economy and patterns of world trade; complementarily; transportation and economic development. Third world economic development.

GEO 310 POPULATION GEOGRAPHY (2 UNITS)
Nature and scope; sources and problems of data: Age, Sex, Occupational, social characteristics, structure and trends since 1950; the Malthusian theory; migration; world distribution; over and under population; population projections; population and development planning; regional and local studies.
GOE 312 GEOGRAPHY OF AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT (2 UNITS)
The application of geographical analytical methods to the study of regional development in Africa. Identification of physical regions, the impact of colonialism and the process of independence, the problems of national integration, development, environmental, location and economic influences; population and development; industry-scale, dual economics, role in development; transport; its role in development, urbanization and effects on development; Africa’s role in the world political economy. These themes will be illustrated from case studies of selected countries.

GEO 313: FIELD COURSE (3 UNITS)
This involves intensives field studies designed to illustrate the application of techniques of geographical analysis.

GEO 314 ENVIROMENTAL RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (2 UNITS)
Meaning of environmental Resources, types and characteristics of environmental resources-valued, landscape, historical preservations, coast, enclosed water surfaces, lakes and ponds; hill sides, beaches, greenly, spaces as resources; Environmental perception, world concern about environment; Environmental Education; public awareness of environmental problems; Approaches to environmental management; international, national agencies, legal and Association pressure groups, methods and practice of environmental management, case studies.

GEO 315: RURAL GEOGRAPHY (2 UNITS):
Typology of villages and settlement patterns; Basic components of rural settlements and their locational principles. Settlement functions and change. Characteristics of rural population and mobility. The nature of rural isolation and poverty, the dynamics of rural systems, planned strategies for rural development with reference to Africa and some selected Asian Countries.

GEO 320 MEDICAL GEOGRAPHY (2 UNITS)
The ecology and epidemiology of major tropical diseases; their spatial occurance and diffusion. Spatial aspect of health care delivery systems. Health policy in Nigeria. Trafic accidents; the geographer’s role in health planning; Traditional Medicine systems and practice.
GEO 321: AGRICULTURAL GEOGRAPHY (2 UNITS):
The nature and scope of Agricultural Geography, distinguishing features of agricultural production. Classical agricultural location models. Market system models; case studies on agriculture and Development

GEO 322: LAND USE CONSERVATION (2 UNITS)
Land uses types and problems, land degradation types and causes. Topographic, social and economic consequences of land degradation. Soil conservation theory, techniques and national policy. The need for soil conservation, illustration with Nigerian examples, practice of soil conservation management.

GEO 401: SYSTEMATIC GEOGRAPHY OF NIGERIA I (2 UNITS)
An examination of the Geography of Nigeria at an advanced level making full use of the literature and covering all major topics. The description and analysis of spatial economic resources, population, geology, relief, soils, vegetation, economic resources, settlement.

GEO 402 SYSTEMATIC GEOGRAPHY OF NIGERIA II (2 UNITS)
Population and settlement. Production and exchange, distribution of primary, secondary and tertiary production; systems of production and systems of exchange of geographic change; innovation, education economy and development policies. Approaches to regionalization. Political and economic development including ECOWAS; Nigeria’s relationship with member countries, Africa and the world at large.

GEO 403: THE DEVELOPED AND DEVELOPING WORLD (2 UNITS):
Differentiation of the developed from the developing world. Social, economic and political frame work of the capitalist and centrally planned States. Historical evolution of developed economics. The economic studies of USSR, Western Europe and USA. Survey of the characteristics of developing countries, analysis of comparative development strategies in the Third world countries. Resources potentials and regionalism. Focus on specific issues in industrialization, population growth the policy, agriculture.

GEO 404 THE DEVELOPED WORLD (2 UNITS)
Differentiation of the developed world from the developing world;
Distribution of incomes and standard of living; Comparison of the social, economic and political frame works of the capitalist with those of the centrally planned economies. Geographical basis of the economies of Western Europe and North America; Comparison of USA and Russia’s growth and performance in agriculture, manufacturing and services; international trade and implications of the world economy.

GEO 405: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (3 UNITS):
The concept and strategy of Environmental impact Assessment. Different methods of assessing the impact of proposed development in the existing physical, social, economic and technological frameworks. E.I. Statement standard procedure and format for preparation and presentation of such a Statement. Relationship of E.I.A with existing settlement level in Nigeria. Legislative background of Nigeria. Current practices in developed and developing countries.

GEO 406 GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (2 UNITS)
The nature of geographical information; the languages of maps, cartographic resources: types and characteristics. Information gathering, storage, retrieval. The grid system. The importance of GIS for decision making. Case studies.

GEO 408 CONTEMPORAY GEOGRAPHICAL PHILOSOPHY AND METHODOLOGY (2 UNITS)
Approaches to geographical methods and explanation in use today: environmental determinism as a basis for geographical explanation and the alternatives possibilities school of thought; the concept of regional geography in the context of human and physical geography. Geographical explanation and theory in terms of the major schools of thought (The German, French, British, and Russian Schools) including a review of Nigerian geography.

GEO 410 TROPICAL GEOMORPHOLOGY (2 UNITS)
Tropics as distinct geomorphic region; land forms of the humid and arid tropics with special reference to Africa, Nigeria surface/sub-surface erosion and deposition; the management of tropical landscape.
GEO 411: RURAL DEVELOPMENT (2 UNITS)
The concept of rural development: the meaning of growth and development. Agricultural development. its meaning, relationship and difference with rural development; Theoretical approaches to understanding rural development and agricultural development : system approach; project approach; structural and historical approach; the urban-bias approach; integrated rural development approach, etc. cluster approach versus anchor approach., Voluntary action approach; Decentralized rural planning approach as an alternative for Nigeria.

GEO 412 AGRO CLIMATOLOGY (2 UNITS)
The scope of Agro meteorology. Relationship between climate and agriculture. Plants and animals physiology. Effects of weather factors on plants and animals. Climate and soils; data base for agro meteorological studies. Instrumentations and observation of agro me data. Data processing and analysis. Uses of statistical techniques in agro met. Application of Agro met to agricultural planning and operations. Weather hazard in agriculture.

GEO 414 REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING (2 UNITS)
Scope and objectives of regional planning. The planning regions, theories of regional development planning; regional development processes and analysis.
GEO 415: LAND EVALUATION (2 UNITS)
Need for, purposes of and approaches to land evaluation in different planning environments, Terrain analysis and the land system methods. Role of remote sensing in land resource appraisal. Land capability classification systems and agricultural land evaluation

GEO 416 ARID LAND USE AND RESOURCES MANAGEMENT (2 UNITS)
Arid land as distant physio-cultural regions. The concept of aridity. The processes of aridizations. Extent and delimitation of arid lands. Human activities in arid lands. Water development in arid lands. Arid soils. Arid flora and fauna. Agriculture and arid land development.
GEO 418 WATER RESOURCES (2 UNITS)
Role of water resources in future development strategies. Water resources inventories, water resources in Agricultural development, industrial, urban and domestic water supplies. Development of ground water resources; River basin development; problems of conservation and management of water resources.

Mathematics

Bs. Ed Mathematics 100 – 400 level First Semester

CSC 101 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE I 2 Units
History of Computer, Hardware, Software, Fill organization, Functional Components of Computer, Characteristics of Computers.Problem solving, Flowcharts, Algorithms.
Any of the programming Languages: BASIC (VISUAL BASIC) and/or FORTRAN. Topics include: Statements, symbolic names arrays, expressions and control statements.

CSC 102 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE II 2 Units
Number system: Decimal, Binary, Octal and Hexadecimal. Conversion from base to another. Boolean algebra: AND, OR NAND, NOR XOR etc. Truth tables, up to four variables. Simplification of circuits using the K – map.
MTH 101 COORDINATE GEOMETRY & VECTORS 2 Units
Coordinate geometry: Cartesian and polar coordinates. Distance formula. Sector formula. Area of triangle. Equation of a straight line in different forms. Perpendicular for parallelism and perpendicularity. Conics: The circle, parabola, ellipse and hyperbola, their properties. Parametric equations of loci polar equation, arc lengths, areas and curve sketching.
Vectors: Elementary vectors algebra. Geometric representation of vectors in 1 – 3 dimensions. Vector addition. Components direction cosines, multiplication of vector by scalar. Linear independence. Unit vector. Laws of vector algebra. Scalar and cross products and their properties. Scalar and vector triple products. Applications.

MTH 102 ELEMENTS OF MECHANICS I 2 Units
Foundation of mechanics: particles, rigid board. Frame of reference. Units displacement, component of velocity and acceleration force. Fundamental laws of Newtonian mechanics. Theory of dimension and dimension analysis.
Statics: Equilibrium of a particle. Equilibrium of a system of particles. Mass centre and centre of gravity. Friction. Kinematics: one – and two – dimensional motion. Circular motions. Relative motions.
Dynamics: Laws of inertia and linear momentum friction and elastic force. Motion of planets. Impulses, pendulum impulse, work and energy. Impact of two smooth spheres and of a sphere on a smooth sphere.

MTH 104 ELEMENTS OF CALCULUS AND TRIGONOMETRY 3 Units
Functions, concept and notation, polynomial and rational functions. Trigonometric, exponential and logarithm functions. Functional linear equations. Index and techniques of evaluating limits, continuity and differentiability of functions.
Derivatives: Definitions and calculation from first principle. Derivative of constants, power, sums, products, quotients and of composites, implicit, polynomial and rational functions, inverse, circular, logarithmic and exponential functions. Higher order derivations and errors, extreme and curve sketching.
Integration as the inverse of differentiation, as areas and as limits of finite sums. Integration of sum, scalar multiple of functions and circular functions. Definite and indefinite integrals. General properties of definite and applications to geometry and mechanics. Further techniques of integrations, integration of irrational functions, integration by substitutions and by parts.

MTH 105/MTH205 ELEMENTS OF ALGEBRA & SETS 2 Units
Sets: subsets. Power sets. Operation on sets, union, intersection. Complement and difference of sets. Sets of natural numbers. Integers, rational numbers. Functions: Cartesian products of two or more sets. Relation and equivalence relation on sets. Partition of a set. Partition induced by an equivalent relation. Equivalent sets. Cardinality of a set. Examples. Partially and totally ordered sets. Algebra of proposition. Statements. Logical connective. Proposition, Truth tables of proposition, Logical equivalence. Laws of algebra on propositions, Tautologies and Conditional, Biconditional statements and Variations. Arguments, Logical implications, Structure of mathematical system. Disproof by counter examples. Quantifiers, universal and existential quantifiers.

STA 101 ELEMENTS OF STATISTICS 2 Units
Introduction: Definition of statistics. The scope and role of statistics. Nature of statistical data. Methods of data collection. Measures of central tendency, Mean, Mode, Median.
Tabular and Graphical summary of data. Diagrams and charts. Graphs of frequency distributions, ogive and application. Fundamentals of probability. Laws of probability. Pascal’s triangle and Binomial distribution. The Gaussian curve and some its properties. Uses of normal tables. Elements of regression and correlation analysis. Rank correlation.

MTH 200 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA I 2 Units
Group: Finite and infinite groups. Cyclic groups. Sub-groups. Right and left cosets of a subgroup. Normal subgroups and quotient group. Kernel of a homomorphism fundamental homomorphism Theorem.
Rings: Definition, examples including Z, Zn rings of polynomials and matrices. Integral domains, fields. Polynomial rings, factorization. Euclidean algorithm for polynomials. H. C. F and L. C. M of polynomials.

MTH 201 REAL ANALYSIS I 3 Units
Survey of set-theoretic notations. Fundamental properties. Sequences; Convergence, Monotonic sequence, the theorem of wested in lervals, Criterium, limit sup and limit information of a real valued sequence – series; Convergence, Divergence of series, conditional convergence, re -arrangedment theorem. Tests for convergence: Root, Ratio, Ra’abes and integral test. Real number system. Inequalities. Bounded sets infimum and supremum of a set. Countable and Uncountable sets. Inverse functions. Limit and one – sided limit of a function, continuous functions. Differentiability. Applications Leibuiz’s theorem. The mean value and generalized mean value theorems. Taylor’s theorem. Indeterminate forms.

MTH 202 REAL ANALYSIS II 3 Units
Complex series. Circle and radius of convergence. Power series. Taylor’s series. Integration: Riemann integrability. The Reimann – Stietlej’s integral. Linear properties. Monotonically increasing integrals. Upper and lower integrals. The fundamental theorem. Infinite and improper integrals.. Bounded variation.
MTH 203 ANALYTIC GEOMETRY 3 Units
The co-ordinate system – fundamental relations: Directed line Cartesian co-ordinates. Projections of a line segment on horizontal and vertical line segment. Distance between two points and two lines. Slope of a line. Parallel and perpendicular lines. Angle formed by intersecting lines. Straight line: Equation of locus and graph of an equation. The point – slope equation and two-point equations.
The slope – intercept equation and the first degree equation. Intersection of lines and normal equations of a straight line graphs of non-linear equations.
Transformation of co-ordinates. Graphing the equation AX2 + By2 + CX + Dy + E = 0. Conic-sections: The general second degree equation. Parametric equations. Rectangular C-ordinate in three dimension. The co-ordinate system, the distance formula, the parallel planes. Cylindrical and spherical co-ordinate for Lines and planes.

MTH 204 LINEAR ALGEBRA I 2 Units
Euclidean spaces: Vector spaces. Algebra of sub-spaces, dependence. Basis of vector space. Linear transformation of a vector space. Dual space. Dual basis. Matrices: Algebra of matrices, system of homogeneous and Echelon form of matrix. Determinant. Adjoint and inverse of a matrix. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. The Calyley – Hamilton’s theorem. Diagomalization and quadratic forms. Invariance. Othogonalization.

MTH 206 INTRODUCTION TO DIFFERENCE EQUATION 2 Units
Difference Equations. The operators E and D. linear difference equations with constant coefficients. General solution of homogeneous equations. First and second order difference equations. The Fibonacci equation. Bilinear equation. Applications.
MTH 207 ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION I 2 Units
Formulation of differential equations from a given function. Elimination of arbitrary constants. Order and degree of differential equation. First order equations. Separation of variables. Equation with homogeneous factors. Exact equations. Applications. Integrating factor. General solution of homogeneous/nonhomogeneous equations. The auxiliary equations. Methods of undetermined coefficients.

MTH 208 THE TOPOLOGY OF CARTESIAN SPACE 2 Units
Vector and Cartesian spaces: vector Space, linear product space. Normed spaces. The Schwartz inequality, the Cartesian space Rn. Open and closed sets: open sets in R, Closed sets, neighbourhoods, intervals cells, nested cells. Bolzano-Weirstrass theorem. Cluster points. Open balls in R. The structure of open sets in R. countable and uncountable sets. Products of two sets, mapping, direct and inverse image. Subjective, injective and bijective mapping. Equivalent relations. The Heine-Borel theorem: Compactness in R. Lebessgue covering theorem. Connected sets: The connectedness of intervals in R and intervals. System of sets: Rings of sets, semi-rings of sets. The ring generated by a semi-ring. Borel algebra.

MTH 209 MATHEMATICAL METHODS I 2 Units
Two-dimensional co-ordinate geometry. Curves, Cartesian and parametric equations. Polar co-ordinates. Conics. Functions of real variables. Limits and continuity of functions. Differentiations of composite functions. The differentials and their applications. Elementary functions. Application of differentiation to curves. Maxima and minima. Rolle’s theorem. The mean value theorem. Intermediate forms. Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s series. Integration techniques. Integration by parts. Reduction formulae. The theory of polynomials. Location of roots. Numerical integration. Improper integrals. Areas and volumes.

MTH 212 VECTORS AND ITS APPLICATIONS 2 Units
Vectors and Scalars: Definitions. Free and localized vectors. Algebra of vectors. Laws of vector Algebra; Unit Vectors, Components of a vector. Scalar and vector fields. Dot and cross products. Equations of curves and surface. Vector differentiation and applications. Gradients, divergence and curl. Vector integrals. Line, surface and volume integrals. Green’s stokes and divergence theorems. Tensor products of vector spaces. Tensor algebra. Symmetry and Cartesian tensor.
MTH 214 MATHEMATICAL METHODS II 2 Units
Boundary value problems – eigenvalues and eigenvectors, linear dependence: Wroskian, reduction of order; variation of parameters; series solutions near an ordinary and a regular points; special functions; Bessel, Legendre and hypergeometric equations and application to initial value problems.
Improper integrals. Relations between vector fields functions. Integral theorems; Gauss’s Stoke and Green’s theorem. Elementary tensor calculus. Fourier and Laplace transform. Convolution properties. Linear integral equations

CSC 201 DATA REPRESENTATION 2 Units
Organization of digital computers, the different components and their principles and operations. The content include numeric data representation, non-numeric data representation, basic arithmetic operations, Boolean Algebra, combinational and sequential circuits. Flip-flops, Decoders Multiplexers, Registers, Binary Counters, Memory Unit etc.
CSC 205 NUMERICAL COMPUTATION 3 Units
An analysis as well as an implementation (including computer programs) of method are covered. Numerical linear algebra: Direct and iterative methods for linear systems and matrix eigenvalue problems: Iterative methods for non linear systems of equations. Finite difference method for partial differential equations. Linear elliptic, parabolic, hyperbolic and eigenvalue problems. Introduction to non linear problems. Numerical stability, error estimates and convergence are dealt with.
STA 201 BASIC CONCEPTS OF PROBABILITY 2 Units
Sample space. Events – combination of events, simple event, dependent and independent events. Operations of sets. Laws of probability. Conditional probability and Bayes’ Theorem. Permutations and combinations. Evaluation of probabilities on discrete sample space. Random variables and probability functions. Bernoulli and Binomial experiments. Mathematical expectation. Chebychev’s inequality. Joint, marginal and conditional distributions. Sample and population moments. Limiting distribution. Uses of normal integral table.

STA 202 PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION 2 Units
Discrete sample spaces. Definition and rules of Sampling with and without replacement. Inclusion – exclusion theorem. Allocation and matching problems. Probability generating function. Bernoulli trials. Binomial, Poisson, Hypergeometric, Negative binomial, uniform, exponential, gamma, normal, and beta.
MTH 301 REAL ANALYSIS III 2 Units
Functions of several variables; Functions of several variables and their limits. Differentiation and integration. REIMANN- Stieltjles integral. Riemann condition of comparison theorem. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of Reimann-stiejes integrals. Mean value theorem, second fundamental theorem of integral calculus. Second means value theorem for Reimann integrals. Lebsseque’s criterion for the existence of Reimann integrals. Complex – value Reimann stieljes integrals. Series of functions: Partial differentials and total differentials. Point-wise, absolute and uniform convergence. Weisertrass M. Dirischlet and Abel’s tests: uniform convergence and Riemann Stieljes integration, Non-uniform convergence sequence that can be integrated term by term, uniform convergence and differentiation. Sufficient condition for uniform convergence of a series. Uniform convergence and double sequences. Mena convergence.

MTH 302 REAL ANALYSIS IV 2Units
Multiple, line and surface integrals: Double integrals, calculation of area and volumes by means of double integrals. Evaluation of line integrals, Green’s formula. Condition for a line integral to be independent of the path, integration, surface integrals: Evaluation of surface integrals. Stocke’s formula. Ostrogradsky’s formula. The Hamilton operator and some applications. Power series: Convergence, radius and integral of convergence. Cauchy-Hadamard theorem. Differentiation theorem. Uniqueness theorem. Multiplication theorem. Cauchy’s Taylor’ Maclaurin’s series s. The binominal series. Einstein theorem. Abel’s limit theorem. Tauber’s theorem. Expansion of In (1+ x) in power series. Bessel’s equation. Expansion of various functions in power series, Lagrange’s and Cauchy’s form of the remainder in Taylor’s series, estimation and error by mean of power series.

MTH 304 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA II 2 Units
Groups: Isomorphism theorem on groups. Symmetric groups, Sn and Automorphism of groups. Normalize of an elements in a group. Centre of a group. Rings: Field of quotients of an integral domain. Imbedding of a ring into another Euclidean rings. Isomorphism of rings. Application of number theory, Principal ideal domain (PID). Unique factorization domain (UFD). Remainder theorem. Prime fields.

MTH 306 ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS II 2 Units
Inverse differential operators. Exponential shift. Evaluation of (D2 + a2)-1 sin ax and (D2 + a2) cos ax. Laplce transforms: Laplace transforms of a derivation and ELEMENTARY functions. Inverse transforms of steps function. Convolution theorem. Simple initial value problems. Derivative of transforms. Application. Linear system of evaluations. Non-linear equation P- and C- discrimination equations. Clairaut’s equation. Dependent/independent variable missing. Power series solution near ordinary and singular points. The equations with different cases of roots.
theorem.

MTH 318 NUMERICAL METHODS II 3 Units
Accuracy in numerical calculations. Significant figure. Accumulation of errors in arithmetic. Interpolation. Newtown’s formulae. Lagrange’s formula and central differential equations. Newton-Raphson methods. Method of interaction. Solution simultaneous linera equations. Elementary operations of matrices. Gauses-Siedel method. Eigenvalues and eigenvector. Numerical differentiation and integration. Simpon’s and trapezoidal rule other quadrature formulae.

CSC 304 OBJECT- ORIENTED PROGRAMMING WITH C++ OR JAVA
2 Units
General Introduction to Fundamentals of Object Oriented Programming with C++ or JAVA. Topics include: Syntax and Semantics, Identifiers, Data types, Functions, Arrays, Strings, Pointers, Structures, Unions, Macros and Applied Data Structures.

CSC 305 DATABASE SYSTEM 3 Units
This course provides introduction to database management systems. Topics include: data modules (ER and related model), data storage and access and methods (files, indices), query languages (SQL, relational algebra, relational calculus, QBE), query evaluation, query optimization, transaction management, concurrency control, crash recovery, and some advanced topics (distributed databases, objects-relational databases).

CSC 307 COMPUTER PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE II 2Units
(Fortran 90 or Latest Version of FORTRAN)
Programming basics – Data type, basic program structure. Loops, Arrays, Searching and Sorting.
Function, Routine, Subroutine: Multiple procedure call from a main program. Extensive programming problem with Application to Students field of Study and interest.

STA 302 THEORY OF PROBABILITY II 2 Units
Set functions & probability measures. Geometrical probability & related probability. Laws of large numbers & its applications. Central limit theorem. The inversion theorem of characteristics functions. Markov dependent Bernolli trials. Markov chains and their applications. Elements of the theory of reliability.

STA 303 SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION 2 Units
Universe, sample and random sample. Sampling distributions and their standard error. Standing of the mean, the proportion and the variance. Methods of deriving sampling distributions. Independence of and s2 in the normal samples. Derivation of and z distributions. Distribution of t and r transformation of statistics in large samples. Distribution of the range, the medium and order statistics in general. Sampling distribution in connection with the beta and gamma variate. Method of moments in large samples.

MTH 402 PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION 3 Units
Formation of partial differential equations. Partial differential equation of the firs order and first degree. Linear homogenous PDE of order one. Equation of the first order and higher degree. Application of PDE analogous to Clariraut’s from Quasi-linear and non-linear equations. Laplace transforms and equations. PDE of order two with variable coefficients. Non-linear of order two. Monge’s method.

MTH 403 COMPLEX ANALYSIS II 3 Units
Functions of a complex variable. Conformal mapping. Bilinear transformations. Angles and cross-ratio preserving properties of bilinear transformations. Series of analytic functions. Uniform convergence. Weisetrass M test. Abel’s limit theorem. Term-by-term differentiation and integration. Power series Catchy-Hadmard theorem. Expansion of analytic function as Taylor and Laurent series. Singularities and poles. Complex integration: entire and meromophic functions. Residue of an isolated singularity. Computation of residue. Theorem on residues. Evaluation of definite integral by complex integration. Evaluation of definite integrals when the integral involves multiple valued functions such as logarithmic functions.

MTH 405 ABSTRACT ALGEBRA III 2 Units
Groups and integral direct products of groups. Maximal subgroups. Composition series of a group. Jordan-Holder theorem. Solvable groups. Commutators groups. Cauchy’s theorem on abellian groups. Cauchy’s and Sylow’s theorems. Ring Polynomial rings. Division and Euclidean algorithm. Polynomials over a field.

MTH 406 LINEAR OPERATORS 2 Units
Definition of operators. Simple properties of linear operators. Linear operator in finite dimensional spaces. Examples and extension theories on linear operators. The space of operators. Continuity and boundedness of operators. Sum and production of operators. Inverse and adjoint operators. Integral equation of the second kind. The Neumann expansion. Differential and integral equations. Closed linear operator. Functions of operators. Linear operator in normed linear spaces.

MTH 407 FOURIER ANALYSIS 2 Units
Fourier analysis: Periodic functions. Orthogonal functions. Even and odd functions. Fourier series. Dirichlet’s conditions. Half-range series. Complex form of Fourier series. Parseval’s theorem. Evaluation of Fourier coefficients. Fourier integrals formula. Weierstrass M-test. Sectional continuity. Functions if exponential order. Reimann-Lebesgue theorem. Fourier integral theorem. Different forms of Fourier integral theorem. Different forms of Fourier integral formula. Dirichlet’s integral, Fejer’s integral. Applications of Fourier integral formulary.

MTH 408 NUMERICAL ANALYSIS III 3 Units
Finite difference formulae: Two-dimensional second – order equation, examples: Parabolic equations, elliptic equations and hyperbolic equations finite difference approximations to derivatives; for a single-value functions and derivative (continuous function of and finite) by Taylor’s theorem. Transformation of non-dimensional form.
Direct and interactive methods for the solution of systems of line equations: Crank-Nicolson implicit method, Jacobi and Gauss – seidel methods, Successive over–relaxation (SOR), boundary conditions. Two-dimensional parabolic equation (Alternating direction implicit method), Parabolic equation in cylindrical and in spherical polar coordinates. Descriptive Treatment of stability, Analytic treatment of Convergence/Stability eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Eigen value problem – power methods, inverse power methods. Pivot strategies. Theorems on the bounds for eigenvalues (Gerschegorin’s theorem, Brauer’s theorem.

MTH 409 FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS 3 Units
A survey of classical theory of metric spaces(including Baire’s category theorems compactness. Seperability, isometrics and completion) elements of Branch and Hilbert spaces, Parallelogram law and linear spaces into second dual, Hongo H, properties of operators(including the open mapping and close graph theorem), the space C(X), the sequence Inp, Ipand C(spaces of convergent sequence).

CSC 409 DISCRETE MATHEMATICS 2 Units
Sets and Functions, Groups and subgroups; Group Axioms, Permutation Group, Cossets, Graph Theory – directed and undirected graphs, Sub graphs, Cycles, Connectivity. Application (flow charts) and state transition graphs. Lattices and Boolean Algebra, Finite fields, mini polynomials, Irreducible polynomials, polynomial roots, Application (error – correcting codes sequences generators). Operators. The space of bounded linear operators. Uniform and point wise convergence of operators. Application to interpolation theory. Combinatory, Complexity of Algorithms, Recursions and Sums

MTH 412 DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY II 2 Units
Surface in E3 sphere cylinder terms, surface of revolution. Co-ordinate patches. Differentiable functions and tangent vectors on a surface. Tangential and normal vector – fields on a surface. Mapping of surfaces. Shape operator or the Weingarten map a surface and its linearity and adjointness. Normal curvature and principle curvatures causian from of a surface. Isometry of surface. Theorem egregium of Gauss.

Physics

B. Sc. Ed Physics 100 – 400 level First Semester

PHY 101 INTRODUCTORY MECHANICS AND PROPERTIES OF MATTER
(3 Units)
General concepts: Basic S.I Units, units and dimensions, scalars and vectors: Addition and Subtraction of vectors, resolution of vector into rectangular compounds. Simple multiplication of vectors.
Staticc: Concurrent forces in conservation of non equilibrium: The first condition of equilibrium. Non-concurrent forces: Turning forces. Frictional forces: Static and dynamics friction, friction on an inclined plane. Viscosity and its experimental determination. Poiseulle’s formular: Steady and turbulent Flow. Stokes law and terminal velocity. Elasticity and strength of materials.
Kinetics: Speed, velocity and accelerations. Free fall, vertical projection, projectile motions and trajectory dynamics of particles. Forces and linear motion : Newton’s Laws of motion and applications, inertia, mass, momentum, weight of an object, impulse. Conservation of momentum: Single and many particles, Works, energy and efficiency. Energy: Kinetic and potential energies, conservation and dissipation forces. Principle of conservation of energy. Elastic and inelastic collisions with simple examples.
Rotational dynamics and gravitation: Circular motions. Motion of rigid bodies: moment of inertia and its determination for simple bodies, kinetic energy of rotation, angular momentum. Gravitation: Kepler’s Laws, Newton’s law of gravitation, gravitational and inertia mass, masses of sun and planets artificial satellites and perking orbits and velocity of Escape.

PHY 102: INTRODUCTORY ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM (3 UNITS)
CORE COURSE
Electric fields: Coulomb’s, Law, electric charges and methods of charging. Electric field intensity and charges distribution on different materials. Electric potential gradient and electrical potential energy. Capacitors and dielectric.
Ohm’s Law: Resistance, variation of resistance with temperature, kirchoff’s Laws. Internal resistance and it’s measurement. The Wheatstone bridge, potentiometer and their applications.

Magnetic properties of some materials: Magnetic fields and magnetic forces on a current carrying conductors. Applications to measuring instruments. Magnetic flux density B. Magnetic field strength H. magnetic permeability. Variation of B with H, hysteresis. Electromagnetic inductions and applications: Motors, dynamos, generators etc., AC voltages applied to inductors, capacitors and resistance. Self and mutual inductance and the transformer. Magnetic fields and induction, Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic oscillations and waves. Application.

PHY 103 INTRODUCTORY HEAT, WAVES AND SOUND – (3 units)
simple harmonic motion (s.h.m.): Definition of s.h.m. Displacement, velocity and acceleration. Period and frequency. Force and s.h.m. vibrations such as simple pendulum, torsion pendulum, compound pendulum etc. Energy in a vibration.
Wave motion: transverse and longitudinal waves, wavelength, frequency and speed. Travelling and standing waves. Principle of superposition of waves. Vibrations in air columns. Vibrations in rods.
Sound: Propagation of sound waves in free air. Doppler effect. Intensity of sound. Determination of the velocity of sound in air and in gas columns. The resonance tube. Kundt’s tube experiment High fidelity and ultrasonic.
Thermometry: Thermometers and scales of temperature: Liquid in gas, resistance, thermocouple and gas thermometers. Linear, areal and volumetric expansions.
Thermodynamics: Heat and work, p versus v diagram. First law of thermodynamics: Isovolumetric process, adiabatic process, Isothermal process etc. The second law of thermodynamics. They carnot cycle.
Thermal properties of gases: The ideal law. Volume and pressure coefficients of ideal gases. The two principal specific heat capacities of gas, Cp and Cv. Isothermal and adiabatic expansions of ideal gas. Real gases: Vanderwaal’s equation of State.
Kinetic theory of gases: Assumptions of the kinetic theory. Speeds of gas molecules: The maxwellian distribution, the root man square speed. Pressure exerted by an ideal gas: derivation of P= 1/3 ρE2. Transfer of heat: conduction: Definition of thermal conductivity. Measurements of the conductivities of good and bad conductors.

PHY 104: INTRODUCTORY OPTICS AND MODERN PHYSICS (3 UNITS) CORE COURSE
Light reflection and mirrors: Ray optics. Reflection by plane mirrors. Laws of reflection, image formation and location, sign convention for object and image distance, magnification, experimental determination of focal length.
Refraction at plane surfaces: Laws of refraction. Refractive index relationship. Refractive index and speed of light/wavelength. Real and apparent depth. Multiple images Mirages, Total internal reflection: critical angles, totally reflecting prisms. Refraction through prisms: Minimum deviation, small angles prisms, dispersive power. Determination of the refractive index of a liquid using concave mirror.
Refraction through thin lenses – optical instrument: Focal point, focal length. Location of images formed by thin lenses, ray diagrams, formula for thin lens, magnification, the len’s maker formula, focal length of two thin lenses in contact, power of a lens, Determination of focal length of lenses. Defects of lenses and their corrections. Spherical and chromatic aberration. The magnifying glass. The compound miscroscope astronomical telescope. Prism binoculars, Galilean telescope.
The wave nature of light: Huygen’s wave theory of light; explanation of reflection and refraction at plane surfaces. Foucault’s method for the determination of velocity of light. Doppler effect and gravitational red shift.-
Elements of modern physics: Photoelectric effect, thermionic emission, Compton effect, uncertainty principle, Bohr’s model of hydrogen atom. Energy level diagrams, Electromagnetic spectrum, X-rays: production, properties and uses. Wave – particle duality: De Broglie’s hypothesis. Radio activity: Half-life, decay constant, age of earth. Artificial nuclear disintegration. Radio nuclei: beta and gamma rays

PHY 117 BASIC EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS I (1 unit ):
A three hour per week laboratory course covering the basic experiments illustrative of the first semester, 100 – level Physics syllabus.

EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS II (1 UNIT): CORE COURSE
A three hour per week laboratory course covering the basic experiments illustrative of the second semester, 100 – level Physics syllabus.
PHY 201 – ELEMENTARY CLASSICAL MECHANICS (3 UNITS) PRE-REQUISITE: PHY101
Relative – motion: Inertial reference frames. Relation velocity. Galilean transformation. Rotational motion: Coriolis and centripetal accelerations, motion relative to the earth the foucault pendulum.
Dynamics of particles: Newton’s 1st law, the law of inertia. Principle of conservation of linear momentum. Momentum exchange. Angular momentum. Central forces and area velocity.
Work and energy: Work, power and their units. Kinetic and potential energy. Conservation forces. Force as potential gradient. Conservation of energy. Motion under conservation force. Non-conservation force. Dynamics of system of particles. Centre of mass and motion of centre of mass. Reduced mass. Conservation of energy of system of particles.
Dynamics of rigid bodies: General motion of a rigid; translation and relations. Angular momentum of a rigid body. Moment of inertia and radii of gyration of simple bodies. Equation of motion for rotation; relation between angular momentum and torque. Kinetic energy of rotation. Gyroscopic motion.
Oscillatory motion: Force and energy in simple harmonic motion (shm). Dynamics of shm: the simple and compound pendulum. Super position of two shm: Same direction, same frequency; same direction, different frequencies; Perpendicular directions, Lissajous figures. Anharmonic oscillations. Damped oscillations. Forced oscillation and effect of damping. Resonance. Impedance of an oscillator.
Gravitation: The solar system, Kepler’s law. Gravitational potential energy. General motion of particle under gravitational interaction and possible orbits. Perturbation effects on planetary motion. The gravitational field: Liner of force and equipotential surfaces. Gravitational field due to a spherical body. The principle of equivalence.

PHY 202: OPTICS (3 unitsCORE COURSE. Pre-requisite: PHY 104
Geometrical Optic: Fermat’s principle and applications. Geometrical theory of optical systems. Thick lens and thin lens system. Aberations. The wave theory of light: principle opf superposition, coherent and incoherent velocity. Huggen’s principle.
Inference: Inference of two beams by devision of amptitude. Young’s experiment, Fresnel’s biprism loyd’s mirror. Refractometer using interference phenomena. Michelson and Fabrey-Peroy interferometer.
Diffraction: Fraunhoffer diffraction by single-slit, double slit, multiple slit, gratings, Resolving power of various optical systems. Fresnel diffraction: Fresnel integrals and Cornu’s spiral, diffraction by apertures and obstacles; zone plates.
Polarisation: Malu’s law, Brewster’s law. Superposition of beams of polarised light. Production and detection of polarised light. Dichroism and . Propagation of electromagnetic waves in unixial crystals. Nicol prism, retardation plates. Babinet’s compensator. Optical activity and other optical activity and other optical properties of mater..
Spectra: Types, spectroscopy in the ultra violet, visible and infra-red.
Physical optics; spherical waves; interference and diffraction thin film, crystal diffraction, holography; dispersion and scattering geometric optics, waves and rays reflection at spherical surface, thin lens, optical lens mirrors and prism.

PHY 203 VIBRATION OF WAVES AND ACOUSTICS- (3 UNITS) PRE-REQUISITE: PHY 104
An overview of simple harmonic motion: simple pendulum, physical pendulum, non viscous liquid in a U-tube, torsional pendulum, small vertical oscillations of a floating body. Representation of s.h.m., energy of s.h.m., s.h.m. in an electrical system, small oscillations of rigid bodies,
Superposition of oscillations: super-position of s.h.m., s.h.m. in same direction in simple application of superposition in young’s double slit experiment, cases of many superposed vibrations of same frequency and amplitude with a constant phase difference. S.h.m at right angles, same frequency, different frequencies. Oscillations of a two – mass system
Dampings: Viscous damping, heavy damping, critical damping and light damping. Free vibration with light damping. Decrement and logarithmic decrement, quality factor. Forced oscillation with light damping, power supplied to an oscillator, power dissipated by the resistive force, quality factor in terms of resonance bandwidth.
Other resonance phenomena: Optical resonance, nuclear resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance. Doppler effect in sound: Source moving observer at rest, source at rest observer moving, both source and observer movement. Doppler effect in light: Bow wave and sonic boons.
Transverse waves on a string: characteristics impedance. Boundary effects: Reflection and transmission of waves, reflected and transmitted energy coefficient, impedance matching. Standing waves, normal modes

PHY 204: ELECTRIC CIRCUITS AND ELECTRONICS (3 UNITS)
aDC Circuit; Kirchoff’s laws, sources of voltage and current. Network analysis and circuit theorems – Thevenin, Norton and Millman. AC Circuits Inductance, capacitance, the transformer, sinusoidal waveforms, rms and peak values, power in ac circuits. Impedance and Admittance, Series RLC circuits. Q factors, resonance. Filters. Electronics; Semiconductors, doping, the p.n.-junction diode, other diode types (eg zener, tunnel, schottky – feature, operation, symbol and application. Bipolar junction transistors (npn and pnp), configuration, characteristics, operation, current circulation (dc band dc) and equivalent circuits. Compare with thermionic valves. Single stage amplifiers.
Power supplies – stable dc from mains and a brief on solar power. Transformer (ideal and practical) – operation, types and applications. Rectification – halfwave and fullwave (centre tap and bridge), Regulation. Field effect transistors (n-channel and p-channel) JFET and MOSFET (mention of CMOS, HMOS, VMOS etc) enhancement and depletion mode – configuration, characteristics and operation. Compare BJT, FET and thermionic valves. UJT, SCR and Power FETs –features, operation and applications.

PHY 205 HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS (3 UNITS) PRE-REQUISITE: PHY 103
Principles of thermodynamics: Temperature concept. Scales of temperature. Quantity of heat. Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases. Gas thermometers. The perfect gas. First law of thermodynamics. Isothermal and idiabatic changes. Molar heat capacity cp and cv. Perfect differentials. Second law of thermodynamics. Reversible and irreversible processes. The carnot reversible engine. Thermodynamic temperature scale. Entropy and probability. Thermodynamic functions: Enthalpy and free energy. The third law of thermodynamics.
Kinetic theory of matter: Kinetic theory of gasses. Application to the perfect and real gases. Boltmann’s and Maxwellian distribution of molecular speeds. Experimental determination of molecular speeds.
Transport phenomena: mean free path; collision frequency and collision cross-section; thermal conductivity and viscosity of a gas; molecular diffusion; Fick’s law – classical and quantum theories of radiation; specific heat of a solid
Application of thermodynamics: Heat pumps and refrigerators. Thermionic emission. Thermoelectricity. E.m.f. of a voltaic cell. The magneto-caloric effect.

PHY 206: ATOMIC PHYSICS (3 UNITSCORE COURSE. Pre-requisite: PHY 104
Basic concepts: The mole and masses of atoms. Atomic sizes from e.g. kinetic theory of gases and Van der Waal’s equation. Avogadro’s number. The electro: determination of charges and charge per unit mass. Nuclear size: Rutherford’s scattering experiment.
Foundation of Atomic Physics: Electromagnetic radiation of accelerated and decelerated charged particles. Black body radiation; – classical and quantum theories of radiation, Planck’s radiation law, Wien’s displacement law, Stefan-Boltzmann’s law. Photoelectric effect. Scattering of radiation by free electrons; Compton effect. Photons and exchange of photons during electromagnetic interactions. Stationary states; Bohr’s formula, quantisation of energy levels, emission and absorption of radiation, Franck and Hertz experiment. Interaction of radiation with matter. Particles and fields; de Broglie relation, electron diffraction on crystals, Davission and Germer experiment √ particles and wave packets. Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle for position and momentum, for time and energy. Schrondinger’s equation and simple application.

PHY 218: EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IV(1 UNIT ) CORE COURSE
The laboratory course consists of a group of experiments drawn from diverse areas of Physics (optics, Electromagnetism, mechanics, modern Physics etc.). It is accompanied by seminars studies of standard experimental techniques and the analysis of famous and challenging experiments

PHY 301 ANALYTICAL MECHANICS (4 CREDIT UNITS) – (PRE-REQUISITE PHY 202)
D’Alembert’s principles and lagrange’s equation: Forces of constraint, generalised coordinates, degrees of freedom, holonomic and non-holonomic systems, principle of virtual work and D’Alembert’s principle, the Lagrangian function.
Variation principles and lagrange’s equation: Calculus of variation and Euler’s equations – Hamilton’s principle of least action. Lagrange’s and Newton’s equation, generalised momentum, the Hamiltonian, general conservation theorems of energy momentum and angular momentum.
Two-body central force motion: Central forcess, reduction to the equivalent one-body problem; conservaton of energy and momentum in a central field, areal velocity, equations of motion, determinations of orbit from central force and central force from orbit, centrifugal energy and effective potential, Kepler’s laws and classification of orbits, stability of circular orbits.
Mechanics of systems of particles: Discrete and continuous system, degrees of freedom, centre of mass, momentum, angular momentum and tongue of a system of particles and related conservation theorems conservation of energy motion relative to the centre of mass. Virial theorem. Equation of State for a gas.
Vibrating systems: Vibration of two coupled harmonic oscillators. Potential energy and equilibrium, stability; expansion of potential energy function in power series. General problem of coupled oscillations; eigenfrequencies and eigenventors normal coodinates and normal modes of vibration. The vibrating loaded string, vibration of the continuous string, wave equation; solution of equation as boundry value problem. Vibrating membrane.
Dynamic of rigid bodies: Translations and rotations, moments of inertia, generalised Steiner’s theorem, angular momentum, the inertia tensor, kinetic energy of rotation, principal axes of inertia, principal moments of inertia, the ellipsoid of inertia. Eulerian angles angles and Euler’s equations for rigid body, motion of the spining top, totation of the earth.
Hamiltonian dynamics: The Hamiltonian, Hamilton’s caronical equation ignorable coordinates and constants of motion, conservation theorems. Phase space and Lioville’s Theorem; canonical transformations, Hamilton-Jacobi equation generating functions; Poisson brackets, equations of motion in sisson bracket notation, transition to quantum mechanics.

PHY 302: ATOMIC PHYSICS (UNITS: 3) CP
Structure of one electrons: The hydrogen spectrum and energy levels of hydrogen-like atoms (H+e, Li2+etc). Radiative transitions. Quantisation of angular momentum and Heisenberg’s uncertainty relation for any two components of angular momentum. One electron wave function under central force, spherical symmetric States. Transition among different angular momentum States. Selection rules. Relativistic correction of the energy in hydrogen-lime atoms. Zeeman effect. Electron spin; Stern-Gerlach experiment. Spin up and spin down States. Eigenvalues of total angular momentum and it’s their components. Spin-orbit interaction, five structures of energy levels.
Structure of may electrons: Many-electrons potential energy. Two-electron atom: Independent particle model, symmetric and electrons. Pauli exclusion principle, Slater determinant for normalized many Fermions wave function. Shell structure
Hund’s rule. L-S coupling. Total angular momentum of a fonfiguration, multiplicity. Spin-orbit interaction and magnetic, field interaction. Selection rules for electric dipole transitions. X-ray spectra and Maseley’s law.

PHY 303 Solid State Physics I (3 units) – (Pre-requisite: PHY 203, PHY204)
Atomic packing and crystal structure: Periodic – atoms – symmetry of crystals – fundamental types of lattics different atomic packing – position and orientation – Miller indices – simple crystal structures.
Crystal diffraction and reciprocal lattice: Bragg’s law. X-ray neutron and electron diffraction in crystals – laue method – rotating crystal method – and po- method – applications.
Crystal binding and classification solids: Crystals, metal crystals, hydrogen bonded crystals.
Variation principles and Lagrange’s equation: of variation and Euler’s equations Hamilton’s principle of least action, langrange’s and Newtons’s equation, generalised momentum, the Namiltonian; general conservation on theories of energy momentum and angular momentum.
Two – body central force motion: Central forces, reduction to the equivalent one – body problem; conservation of energy and momentum in a central field, areal velocity, equations of motion, deteminations of orbit from central force and central force from orbit, centrifugal energy and effective potential, kepler’s laws and classification of orbits, stability of circular orbits.
Mechanics of systems of particles: Discrete and continous systems, degrees of freedom, centre of mass, momentum, angular momentum and torque of a system of particles and related conservation theorems, conservation of energy; motion relative to the centre of mass. Virial theorem. Equation of State for a gas.
Vibrating systems: vibration of two coupled harmonic oscillators, potential energy and equilibrium, stability; expantion of potential energy fumction in power series. General problem of coupled oscillation eigenfrequencies and eigeryertons, normal coordinates and normal modes of vibration. The vibrating loaded string, vibration of the continious string. The wave equation; solution of the wave equation as boundry value problem. Vibrating membrane.
Dynamic of rigid bodies: translation and rotations, moments of intertia, generalised steiner’s theorem, angular momentum, the inertia tensor, kinetic energy of rotation, principal axes of inertia,, principal moments of inertia, the ellipsoid of inertia. Eulerian angles and Euler’s equations for rigid body, motion of the spining top; rotation of the earth.
Hamiltonian dynamics: The Hamiltonian’s caronical equation, ignorable, coordinates and constents of motion, conservation theorems. Phase space and lioville’s theory; canonical transformations, Hamilton – Jacobi equation generating functions; poisson breackets, equations of motion in aisson breacket notation, transition to quantum machanic.

PHY 304 BASIC EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS II (UNITS: 3) CP
A six hour per week laboratory course covering basic experiments illustrative of the first semester 300 Level syllabus.
PHY 305 OPTICS (3 UNITS) – (PRE-REQUISITE PHY 189).
Geometrical Optic: Fermat’s principle and applications. Geometrical theory of optical systems. Thick lens and thin lens system. Abernations. The wave theory of light: principle of superposition, coherent and incoherent velocity. Huggen’s principle.
Inference: Inference of two beams by division of aptitude. Young’s experiment, Fresnel’s biprism loyd’s mirror. Refractometer using interference phenomena. Michelson and Fabrey-Peroy interferometer.
Diffraction: Fraunhoffer diffraction by single-slit, double slit, multiple slit, gratings, Resolving power of various optical systems. Fresnel diffraction: Fresnel integrals and Cornu’s spiral, diffraction by apertures and obstacles; zone plates.
Polarisation: Malu’s law, Brewster’s law. Superposition of beams of polarised light. Production and detection of polarised light. Dichroism and . Propagation of electromagnetic waves in unixial crystals. Nicol prism, retardation plates. Babinet’s compensator. Optical activity and other optical activity and other optical properties of mater..
Spectra: Types, spectroscopy in the ultra violet, visible and infra-red.

PHY 306 FLUID DYNAMICS I (UNITS: 2) CP
Viscous flow of incompressible fluids. Navier-Stocke’s equations. Flows between rotating cylinders and parallel surface. Low Reyolds numbers solution. Stoke and Greens’ approximation. Boundary layers. Displacement and momentum thickness. Separation. Compressible flow of inviscid fluids. Shock Waves. Ranking-Hugoniot equation. One dimensional flows. Shock tubes. Reflection of waves. Sub-sonic and Super-sonic flows.

PHY 307 LONOSPHERIC PHYSICS:
The neutral atmosphere. Production of lonospheric layers, Chapman theory. Transport processes. Morphology of the ionosphere. Ionospheric phenomena such as solar flare effects. Sporadic E, Spread F and other irregularities, ionospheric storms, lonospheric measurements. Geomagnetism and the ionosphere.

PHY 309 SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES:
The physics, modeling, and application of selected semiconductor devices. Brief review of junction and bipolar transistor physics Major emphasis on MOS devices including field effect transistors and charge coupled devices. Also consideration of advanced bipolar structures, Schottky barrier devices, device noise, light emitting diodes, and photodetectors.

PHY 310 INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL RELATIVITY:
Galilean relativity and Newtonian mechanics, Lorenz-Einstein transformations. Space-time diagrams, events and world lines. Proper time and time dilation. Proper distance and length contraction. Relativistic Kinematics and dynamics. Space-time and energy momentum invariants. Relativity and electric and magnetic fields.

PHY 312 INTRODUCTION ASTROPHYSICS:
An introduction to the physics of the galaxy and the universe as determined from observations at ratio, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, X-ray and gamma-ray wave lengths. The sun and stars, super move, pulsars, interstellar medium, galaxies, quasars, intergalactic space, cosmology.
400 – LEVEL
PHY 401: QUANTUM PHYSICS I: 3 UNITS PRE-REQUISITE
A brief review of wave nature of particles; de Broglia relations; wave packets; Fourier integrals; Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle; the Schroedinger wave equation, including seperation into time-independent solutions. Applications of the schroedinger equation to one dimensional potential, and the square well), and the harmonic oscillator. Introduction to the general formation of quantum mechanics. The postulates of quantum mechanics, Dirac-bracket notation. Eigenvalue equations, operators and observables. Central theory of angular momentum. Commutation relation, orbital angular momentum; spehrical harmonics. Particles in a spherical potential, the radial equation and application to the hydrogen atom.

PHY 402: QUANTUM MECHANICS II (3 UNITS) CORE COURSE.
Pre-requisite: PHY 307
Review of particles in a central potential, a soluble example of a central potential (spherical square well or isotropic three dimensional harmonic oscillator). An introduction to scattering theory, and a presentation of the basic principles of single particle scattering. Scattering by a central potential, method of partial waves, the Born approximation. Pauli electron spin theory, addition of angular momenta with emphasis on orbital and spin with application to the fine and hyperfine structure of hydrogen. Approximation methods: stationary perturbation theory, the variational method, time-dependent perturbation theory (constant and sinusoidal perturbation); Fermi’s golden rule, discussion of the electric dipole and the H2 + molecule as examples.

PHY 403: STATISTICAL MECHANICS 4 UNITS; PREREQUISITE:
Classical Statistical mechanics: Statistical equilibrium. The axwell-
Boltamann distribution: the partition function. Temperature. Gibbs
distribution: Thermal equilibrium and the zeroth law of hermodynamics. Molecular velocity distribution at different temperatures. Experimental Verification of Maxwell Boltzmann Statistics: the molecular velocity selector. Thermodynamics from the point of view of Statistical mechanics: Conservation of energy of a system of particles. Many particle Systems: work and heat. First law of thermodynamic. Graphical
representation of processes; thermodynamics processes, thermody- namic surface. Entropy and the second law of thermodynamics : S = k ln P. Entropy and heat.
Phase Equilibria: Equilibrium conditions. The clausius-Clapeyron equation and its applications. Pressure dependence of the Boiling point The vapour pressure Curve. Phase transformations and the equation of State. The critical point. Thermal properties of gases: The equation of State for ideal gas.Equation of State for real gases: intermolecular potential. Heat capacity for an ideal monatomic gas. Heat capacities for an ideal polyatomic gas. The principle of equipartition of energy. Quantum Statistics: The Fermi-Dirac Statistics: Fermions and the Exclusion principle. The electron gas. Application of Fermi-Dirac Statistics to electrons in metals. Bose-Einstein Statistics: bosons. The photon gas and application to Planck’s radiation law. Spontaneous and induced radiative transitions. Brief discussion of MESERS and LASERS. Heat capacity of solids. The ideal gas in Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein STAistic, gas degeneration. Comparison of the three
Statistics.

PHY 404: ADVANCE OPTICS (2 UNITS) ELECTIVE COURSE
Pre- requisite: PHY 202
Propagation of light through absorbing and dispensive media: scattering, Reflection and refraction. Kirchhoff’s treatment of difraction. Fourier Series and transforms: finite and random wave trains and their analysis. Application of fourier transforms to diffraction theory; spectrosopy. Instrument function reading power. Concept of partial coherence in Optics, spatial and temporal coherence. Polychromatic sources, stationary, correlation function, propagation of complex phase coherence function. Elements of intensity interforometry. Principles of operation of LASERS: characteristics of solid state, gaseous and junction devices, holography.

PHY 405: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLE PHYSICS 3 UNITS: PREREQUISITE
Constituents of nulei: isotopes, isobars and isotones; Nuclear
properties charge, size, angular momentum, magnetic dipole moments,electric quadrupole moment. Atomic masses: mass spectrograph and mass spectrometer, packing fraction, binding energie. Radioactive decay: radioactive equilibrium, the natural radioactive series. Applications of radioactive decay. Artificial radioactivity: electron and position emission, orbital electron
capture, transuranic elements Betadecay, energy, spectrum of beta rays, neutrino and its detection. Alpha decay, Geiger-Nuttall law. Gamma decay, nuclear energy level internal conversion, passage of gamma rays
through matter, mass absorption coefficients.
Nuclear forces: short range forces, charge symmetry, charge independence,
non-central forces, saturation, exchange forces.
Nuclear models: Evidences for magic numbers and shell model. Liquid drop model and Weizsacker’s semiempirical mass formula. Energy difference between mirror nuclei, isobaric decay. Collective nuclear model.
Nuclear fission: discovery, fission cross-section and thresholds, fission products, mass and energy distribution, delayed and prompt neutrons,energy of fission nuetrons, energy release infission, theory of fission process.
Nuclear fusion: energy priduction in stars. the Tokamak fusion system, relative abundance of elements.
Cosmic rays: Components, intensity variations, cosmic ray showers, particles and antiparticles mesic atoms.

PHY 406: NUCLEAR AND PARTICLES PHYSICS II (2 UNITS) ELECTIVE COURSE. Pre-requisite: PHY 405
Passage of e.m. radiation through matter: Photoeffect: absorption edges, energy- and Z – dependence , angular distribution; Auger electrons, Thomsan cross-section; compton effect, Klein – Nishina formular, angular – and energy – distributions, atomic cross-section; Pair-production; Annihilation; Total-absorption in cross-section.
Passage of charged particles through matter: Interaction process; Heavy Particles; stopping power, relative stopping power range, Range-energy relations, energy and Angle-strenggling; Light particles; Stopping power, ionisation losses, Bremsstrahhung losses, Straggling and range, Theory of Bremstrahlung. Cerenkov effect.
Measurement and Detection of charged particles: Cloud chamber; bubble chamber, nuclear emulsions: Ionisation chamber proportional counter; Geiger-Miller counter; Scintillation counter, semi-conductor counter,
spark chamber. Magnetic spectrometers for charged particles. Acceleration of charged particles: Van de Graaf generator, Cockroft- Walton generator, linear accelerator, cyclotron, betatron, some high energy accelerators.

PHY 407: ELCTROMAGNETIC WAVES (3 UNITS) CORE COURSE.
Pre-requisite: PHY 305
The electromagnetic field equations: The conservation of charge and the Equation of continuity. Faraday’s law, Maxwell’s modification of Amphere’s law. The displacement current. Maxwell equations. Gauge transformations. Lorentz gauge. Coulomb gauge Poynting’s theorem. The energy of the electromagnetic field. The uniqueness of solution of the field equations. The electrostatic energy of a system of charges. The “self-energy” of an electron. The Lagrangien description of a charged particle in the electromagnetic field.
Electromagnetic waves and radiation: Plane electromagnetic wave in non conducting media. The linear polarisation of a wave. The circular polarisation. Retarded and advance potentials. Lienardd-Wiechert potentials. The field of a moving charged particle. Wave propagating between parallel plane, Transverse electric wave (TE), Transverse magnetic wave (TM), Properties of TE and TM, Tranverse Electromagnetic wave (TEM). Waves in Rectangular waveguides, Transverse Electric and Magnetic waves.
Transmission Lines: Transmission lines and waveguides. Transmission line circuit and equation. Low-loss transmission line and Resonant.
Relativistic electrodynamics: Lorentz transformation as on orthogonal Transformation in Minkowski space. Four-vectors and four-tensors. Proper time. Four-vector velocity. Four-vector of energy-momentum. Maxwell equations in four-vector notation. The stress-tensor of the Electromagnetic field. Transformation properties of a stress-tensor. Lagrangian formulation of the field equations. Examples: Electric field of a charge in uniform motion. The radiation by an accelerated charge.

PHY 408:DIGITAL ELECTRONICS AND MICRO PROCESSORS (2 UNITS) ELECTIVE COURSE
Number representation in binary octal, hexadecimal and denary. Codes – BCD, Hamming, Gray. Parity check and alphanumeric. Conversion between gates. Basic logic equations and Boolean algebra. De-Morgan’s rules. SOP and POS. Karnaugh mapping. Basic logic gates, truth tables. Logic design and realization. Flip-flops, counters and shift registers. Digital logic families. Memory devices and backups – primary and secondary. Understanding a Basic Computer.

PHY 409:GEOPHYSICS I (2 UNITS) CORE COURSE
Geophysical exploration methods. Potential field geophysics (gravity and magnetic) methods: Concepts, field equipments, data acquisition, interpretation and uses. Spontaneous potential (SP) and Electrical Resistivity (ER) methods; current density and conductivity of rocks, potential distribution in homogenous earth, apparent resistivity, ER field equipments, data acquisition and data interpretation.

PHY 410:GEOPHYSICS II (2 UNITS) ELECTIVE COURSE
Geomagnetism, its causess and fluctuations. Direct and transient current conduction, magnetic induction and electromagnetic wave propagation into earth. Apparent resistivity and skin depth. Cases in layered media. Geophysical instrumentation and special techniques. Brief survey of geophysical application in mineral and oil explorations.

PHY 411 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR SPECTROSCOPY (2 UNITS) ELECTIVE COURSE
The hydrogen atom; relativistic effects and spin. Identical articles and symmetry. Many electron atoms. Coupling schemes and vector model. Zeeman effect Hyperfine structure. The diatomic molecule; the Frank-Condon principle. X-ray diffraction. Microwave methods. Resonance phenomena; ESR, NMR and optical pumping and Mossbauer scattering. General concepts of spectroscopy for NQ, ESR infrared and Raman spectroscopy.

PHY 412: RADIATION BIOPHYSICS (2 UNITS) ELECTIVE COURSE
X-ray diffraction & Electronic Microscopy ,elements of Physics of Molecule, Application of laser in health, Radiation Biophysics, Radiation hazards and protection, The Origin of living matter. Bioengineering: application of different engineering science to medicine. Imaging techniques: Radio isotope imaging, Tomography, Ultrasonic methods, magnetic measurements, electric measurements.

PHY 413:MATHEMATICAL METHODS FOR PHYSICS:
Complex variable theory and their relation to selected physical problems Complex differentiation and integration, Cauchy’s theorem, Taylor and
Laurent series, Residues and Physical applications of conformal mapping. Matrices and eigenvalue problems Determinants, adjoin, inverse of a metric. Solution of linear equations using matrices. Singular and non-singular transformations. Mathematical methods for physics II: Ordinary differential equations of first and second order and their physical applications. Introduction to numerical analysis: finite differences, interpolation etc. Laplace and Fourier transform methods. Linear and
non-linear partial differential equations of order one. Homogeneous
partial differential equations of higher order with constant coefficient.

PHY 414: MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS II (3 UNITS) CORE COURSE.Pre-requisite: MTH 201, MTH 305
Partial differential equations. Solution of boundary value problems of partial differential equations by various methods which include: Separation of variables, the methods of integral transforms storm-Liouville theory; uniqueness of solutions. Calculus of residues and applications to evaluation of integrals and summation of series. Applications to various physical situations which may include; electromagnetic theory, quantum theory, diffusion phenomena.
PHY 415: COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS (3 UNITS) CORE COURSE.
Pre-requisite: MTH 201
Use of numerical methods Physics, various methods of numerical integration, differentiation; numerical solutions of some differential equations in Physics, statistical analysis of experimental data.

PHY 416: ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS: (2 UNITS) ELECTIVE COURSE
Structure and Composition of the Atmosphere: Basic features and Principal layers, Ideal Gas Model Revisited – Equation of state, Exponential variation of pressure with height, The Temperature in the lower Atmosphere, Escape Velocity and the composition of the Atmosphere, Sources and Sinks of the Atmosphere compounds, Cycles and Budgets of major Elements, The Atmospheric Electricity, Aerosol and Cloud microphysical processes, Global Energy Balance.
The model atmosphere, pollution transport, radiation transmission though the atmosphere, the sun, atmospheric constituents, humidity, mixing ratio, dew point, atmospheric pressure, lapse rate, turbulence, boundary layer, aerosols, ionization, the ionosphere, Chapman’s Equation, D,E,F1,F2, regions, radio wave reflection, refraction and reflectivity, ground waves.
PHY 417: SEMINAR (1 UNIT) CORE COURSE
Selected topic is given to a candidate to produce a write-up on. The departmental seminar is presented and the student assessed on both write-up and viva voce.

PHY 418: INSTRUMENTATION AND EXPERIMENTAL TECHNIQUES IN PHYSICS (2 UNITS) CORE COURSE
General Introduction: Definitions of Basic Terms used in Instrumentation, Block Diagrams of Instrumentation Systems with practical Examples, Functional Elements of Instruments and Instrumentation System with Examples.
Input Device (Sensing Elements): Transducers- Active and Passive, their operational principles, application etc.
Signal Conditioning in Measurements: Bridge methods, Elastic Elements in measurements, Measurement Amplifiers, Impedance and Impedance matching, Signal-to-Noise.
Signal Processing in Instrumentation System: Analogue Instrumentation (Electronic Analogue Voltmeter, Electronic Ammeter, A.C Instruments, Precision Rectification, Peak Rectification/Detection), Digital Instruments System (Analogue-to-Digital Conversion, Digital-to-Analogue Conversion), Measurement of Time Related Quantities (Electronic Counter, Frequency Measurements)
Optical Measurement Systems: Radiation Sensors, Transmission Medium, Optical detectors, Optical Amplifiers.
Data Display Elements: Indicators- The Pointer- Scale, Alphanumeric Display (The Cathode Ray Tubes, Frequency and Phase Measurements, Cathode Ray Oscilloscope (CRO) Monitor)
Basic Statistics in Measurements and its Applications in Instrumentation and Experimental Physics: Sampling Methods Errors – Types and Calculation, Specification in Instrumentation, Frequency Distribution, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA).

Staff List

Academic Staff

S/n Name Rank Qualifi-cation Field of Specialization Nature of appointment
1. Malosan Mahlo Lecturer I M. Ed Admin & Planning Academic
2. Mercy Ogunsola-Bandele Professor PhD Curriculum & Instruction Academic
3. Musa MKA Waila Senior Lect. PhD Sociology of Education Academic
4. Okoronka U. A Senior Lect. PhD Physics Education Academic
5. Mohammed A. Jajua Lecturer I PhD Curriculum & Instruction Academic
6. Kamkwis M. Zira Lecturer I M. Ed Curriculum & Instruction Academic
7. Linus K. Sababa Lecturer I M. Ed Counseling & Human Dev Academic
8. Stephen Kojigili Lecturer I M. Ed Tests & Measurement Academic
9. Iliya Tartiyus Lecturer I M. Ed Curriculum & Instruction Academic
10. Obedah Wachau Assit Lect. M. Ed Curriculum & Instructions Academic
11. Marcel P. Agah Asst Lect. M. Ed Maths Education Academic
12. Iliya Daniel Asst Lect. M. Ed M. Tech Agronomy Academic
13. Godwin Ballah G/A B. Sc Ed Physics Education Academic
14. Ibrahim Hayatu Gengle G/A B. Tech Ed Maths Education Academic
15. Carew Frank Professor PhD Psychology Academic
16. Fajonyomi Mary Grace (Mrs.) Professor PhD Guidance & Counselling Academic
17. O. I. Oloyede (Mrs.( Professor PhD Chem/Educational  Psychology Academic
18. Kaka W. Bukar Professor PhD Admin & Planning Academic
19. Baba-Fika Senior Lect. PhD Admin & Planning Academic
20. Bala Dauda Senior Lect. (Reader) PhD Maths Education Academic

Non-Academic Staff

S/N NAME RANK QUALIFICATION NATURE OF APPOINTMENT
1 Hamza B. Yusuf Con. Sec. II ND Non Academic
2 Mr. Abalis E. Wajarni Technical Officer ND Non Academic
3 Mrs. Fadimatu Danladi Clerk SSCE Non Academic
4 Mrs. Tafisu Isa Cleaner SSCE Non Academic