Department of Pure & Applied Physics

INTRODUCTION:
Physics concerns itself with the most universal aspects of nature, forces, energy, structure of matter, and their interactions. Physics is thus a Basic Science and permeates all other sciences, Engineering, and Technology. Physics is an exact Science. But to state exactly what Physics is or is not is difficult, simply because its scope is so wide-ranging and over expanding.

The scales of physics are vast: in size and mass, from elementary particles to the edges of the observable universe; in wavelength, from gamma rays through the visible and infrared region to microwaves and radio waves; in temperature, from near absolute zero to the plasmas of the hottest stars; and in time, from near zero to the age of the universe.

Even the methods of investigation, whether theoretical or experimental are numerous, and provide an infinity of challenges in problem solving.

We explore below the main areas of present day Physics, including experimental and theoretical work, with applications in health, communications, and a host of technologies.

MISSION STATEMENT
Physics is so basic a subject that there is scarcely a single area of modern life which is not affected by Physics. With its deep probing of our natural world and consequent development of classical and quantum mechanics and of relativity theory, Physics is as much a part of our culture as are literature, philosophy, music, and the arts. If we are to consider ourselves as educated and part of a civilized society, it is important that each of us studies the main ideas of Physics even if we do not pursue a career using Physics. It is therefore advisable for you to take a course in Physics as early as possible in secondary school.

You may find that you enjoy Physics with its variety of challenges and uses. You may wish to pursue a career in Physics, or a career such as engineering, medicine, oceanography, archaeology, or patent law, which make use of your background in Physics. In fact, you should note that study in some disciplines, or entry into many careers including those just mentioned is not possible without a good knowledge of Physics. The study of Physics has resulted in many products, processes, and services which are important to our society. In the past 10 – 20 years there has been a dramatic outpouring of results from laboratories into all facets of society, and the realization by scientists and the public of the value of this process.

The communication industry, for example, without which the modern world would be unthinkable, has evolved almost entirely from research in Physics. Every facet of communications systems, from generation to transmission and receipt of signals depends on the laws of Physics and on solid-state and electronic devices such as transistors, magnetrons, microphones, orbiting satellites, solar cells, antennas, detectors, cables amplifiers, and TV tubes. And today, some of these systems are being improved with the latest in optical communications using lasers, integrated optics, and optical fibers.

Another area of important applications is in the medical field. The use of x-rays, electrical signals, labeled isotopes, and most recently, nuclear magnetic resonance are all standard diagnostic techniques. Measuring instruments of all kinds, hearing aids, heart-pacers, and radiation treatment, all have their basis in physical principles.

There are many othe applications in energy, geophysical exploration, and meteorology continue to be a boon to society. Men and women physicists are involved in a variety of activities in education, in industrial and government research and development labs, in private business or in interdisciplinary fields. In research, physicists perform experiments and test and modify available theories to interpret and explain their results; others who are more interested in the mathematical aspects of physical theories, spend their time deriving equations, and sometimes carrying out complicated calculations on big computers. Many physicists are engaged in the application of Physics to meet the needs of today’s society. Some are teachers at the Secondary School, College, or University level.

Finally, some physicist become administrators, in government, in University, and in industry, sometimes in companies which they themselves have founded in the areas of consulting, high technology, and research and development. Physics could be as exciting a career for you.

SOME OF THE MAIN FIELDS OF PHYSICS
Physics includes a vast area of scientific knowledge and exploration, with continually changing frontiers and ever expanding applications. Here, we review very briefly some fields of current interest in Universities, Industries, and Research Institutes.

Plasma Physics.
Plasmas are very hot and ionized gasses as in electrical arcs and stars of the focus of a laser beam, and may reach temperatures of millions of degrees. The study of plasma modes and their behaviour in magnetic and electromagnetic fields is an active research area, with the ultimate aim of producing controlled thermonuclear fusion as a new source of energy.

Particle Physics.
The search for the ultimate constituents of matter is the concern of this field of Physics. It is here that new particles such as quarks and gluons appear with wholly new properties of charm and strangeness. This search usually involves the study of matter at extremely small distances, and experiments in this subject are normally carried out with high energy particle accelerators. About fouty years ago only the proton, neutron, electron, neutrino and photon were known. Nowadays, many hundreds of particle states have been discovered, and the search continues to understand the fundamental forces which govern their interactions.

Optics and Quantum Physics
Optics deals with the interaction of light from all regions of the electromagnetic spectrum (X-ray, ultraviolet, visible, infra-red and microwave). It involves physical phenomena such as reflection, refraction, scattering, dispension, interference, diffraction, and quantum models of light. Optics is also concerned with the development of a wide range of instruments such as cameras, microscopes, telescopes, interferometers, and spectrometers. Quantum optics includes the physics and development of  lasers and their applications to many branches of modern technology including holography, digital image processing and fibre-optic communications.

Nuclear Physics.
Nuclear forces, nuclear transitions and reactions, and the properties of nuclei and their description in terms of various models are the main concerns of this area of research. In accelerators, particles are given a very high energy and then used to bombard target nuclai breaking them up into lighter fragments which tell us about the make-up of nuclei and the forces holding them together.

Nuclear Physics.
In this applied area, physical techniques are developed and used in the diagnosis and treatment of illness and disease. For example, X-ray and radioisotopes are used with computers to make accurate cross-sectional images of parts of the body. High energy X-rays, radioactive sources and recently radio frequencies are used in treatment.

Geophysics.
Geophysics covers the vast areas of geology, meteorology, aeronomy (study of upper atmosphere) and oceanography. It includes investigations of the properties of matter under extreme conditions, and the formation of the earth, mountains, volcanoes, and earthquakes. Exploration for minerals, oil, and gas on land and under the sea, and the harnessing of new sources of energy such as solar, tidal, and geothermal are examples of important applications of geophysics.

Condensed Matter Physics.
This is the study of solids and liquids; systems in which the number of particles (atoms, electrons, etc) is so large as to be effectively infinite. Condensed matter physicists study crystalline materials such as silicon (which is the basis of all computer technology), amorphous solids, polymers, surfaces, materials which display a rich variety of magnetic phenomena, and more recently, biological materials. They sometimes work at extremely low temperatures where metals become superconducting and liquids are superfluid, and they study “phase transitions” from one state of matter to another. Experimental methods include neutron and light scattering, spectroscopy, and refined electric and Mangetic measurements. Applications are many, for example, in meralurgy and micro-fabrication as applied to integrated circuitry, transistors, photodiodes, laser diodes, bubble memories, and solar cells to name a few. In recent years the connection between transitions, such as condensation of gases into liquids, and the condensation of matter at high energy and in the early universe have brought condensed matter and elementary particle physicists closer together.

Biophysics.
Biophysics deals with the physical properties of living systems and the mechanism of life functions. This large area covers subjects such as the structure and function of components of a single cell, membranes, the eye, or physical processes responsible for the treatment of disease.

Atomic and Molecular Physics.
The properties of materials and chemical reactions depend in a basic way on knowledge of the structure and interactions of atoms and molecules. Various techniques are employed in such studies including, for example: spectroscopy the absorption, transmission and emission of electromagnetic radiation, of electrons and other low energy particles; and atomic and molecular beam scattering including chemical reactions. The knowledge gained is applied in the areas of atmospheric pollution, studies of the upper atmosphere and fundamental property of caesium, provides us with the most accurate measurement in all physics, where time is known to 15 significant figures.

Acoustics.
Acoustics deals with the generation, propagation, and detection of sound from low to high frequencies, in various media, its applications are many and varied, including studies of musical instruments, investigations of the shape, size, and contents of a concert hall on the quality of sound, development of improved techniques for reproducing and recording high fidelity sound, as well as the means of suppressing noise. Ultrasound is used in testing materials and structures, and in medical imaging. At the highest frequencies, ultrasound becomes an important tool in the study of the properties of condensed phases of matter.

Atmospheric Phsics.
The Physics of the atmosphere deals with all atmospheric phenomena from the most gentle, such as “dew” and “sea-breeze”, to the most violent-thunderstorm, hurricane, and tornado, including the relevant elements of wind, humidity, pressure, precipitation, and temperature. The goal of such studies is the explanation, prediction, and eventually, the control of weather for application to various socio-economic areas:  agriculture, air and sea transportation, hydrology, tourism, and environment.

Astrophysics.
This is the study of components of our universe the solar system, stars, galaxies – their age, structure and formation, their energy sources, and how they change with time. Optical and radio astronomy have revealed quasars, pulsars, and black holes, and satellites with infrared x-ray detectors are gathering new data on such bodies and the interstellar medium. Theoretical investigations are intimately connected to the basic laws of Physics and in particular, with general relativity. Recent questions include: Is our universe expanding? Is there intelligent life elsewhere, or just on our planet?

Environmental Physics.
This new area of endeavour encompasses almost all branches of Sciences and Physics in particular. It deals with topics as varied as Energy and the Environment: from energy generation and power; Energy demands and outlook; energy resources, transformation, costs etc to renewable energy sources, energy efficiency and conservation. It also look at the structure and composition of the Atmosphere; Solar Radiation Sources and sinks of the Atmospheric compounds, the Aerosols; Solar Radiation and the Atmosphere, the role of ozone layer and its Depletion; Greenhouse gases and greenhouse effect, global warming and its consequences etc. Generally, it looks at the interaction of land, air and water with energy from the sum in terms of environmental sustainability and development.

Other Areas.
In the above summary, we have tried to give you an idea of the many areas of Physics of current interest and importance. Many other topics should be included; classical mechanics, fluid mechanics, statistical physics and thermodynamics, cryogenics, space physics, quantum theory, electromagnetic and relativity theory, quantum electrodynamics, the history and philosophy of science.

Vision.
The vision of the Department is to support relevant and sustainable technology that is applicable and transferable especially in the areas of Solar Energy utilization, Mineral Exploration and Environmental protection.

Philosophy.
The programme is designed to produce graduates with a sound knowledge of basic conceptual and theoretical framework of classical and modern physics, who are capable of pursuing successful careers in teaching, research and industries.

Objectives.
The objectives of the Department are:

  1. Expose students to the current trends and significant advances in Electronics, Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics, Solid State Physics, Geophysics, Energy and Environmental Physics.
  2. Prove training in the principles and theories of Physics.
  3. Develop the students’ skill in manipulating routine laboratory and advanced research equipments.
  4. Inculcate into the students the basic techniques in Physics research.
  5. Develop the students’ ability to observe, analyze and draw meaningful conclusion from physical laws.
  6. Encourage students to cultivate and develop their creative capacity and apply it in the design, construction and maintenance of simple electrical, mechanical and electronic devices such as fans, radios, motors transducers etc.
  7. Develop the students’ intellectual capacity to successfully pursue graduate and post-graduate studies in the various specialized areas in Physics.
  8. Produce students that are capable of steering the affairs of the state and country in science and engineering.
  9. Produce job creators in their various endeavours.
  10. Produce men and women that fit into energy mix requirement of the nation.

Admission Requirements
Candidates seeking admission into the Department of Pure and Applied Physics must fulfill the following requirements: Pass at credit level in at least five (5) subjects at O’level which should include Physics, Mathematics, English, Chemistry, and Biology SSCE, NECO or NABTEB. All credits should be obtained at not more than two sittings.

Departmental Courses

100 Level

FIRST SEMESTER COURSES

S/N0

COURSECODE

COURSE TITLE

COMPULSORY COURSE  

UNITS

1

PHY 101

INTRODUCTORY MECHANICS &
PROPERTIES OF MATTER

CC

03

2.

PHY 103

INTRODUCTORY HEAT, WAVES AND SOUND

CC

03

3

PHY 117

BASIC EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS I

CC

01

4

CSC 101

INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE I

CC

02

5

MTH 101

COORDINATE GEOMETRY

CC

02

6

MTH 103

ELEMENTRY ALGEBRA AND SETS THEORY

CC

02

7

STA 101

BASIC CONCEPTS OF PROBABILITY I

CC

02

8

CHM 101

INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

CC

03

9

CHM 111

BASIC PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY

CC

01

10

GST 101

COMMUNICATION IN ENGLISH I

CC

02

11

GST 103

NIGERIAN PEOPLE AND CULTURE

CC

02

TOTAL

 

23

SECOND SEMESTER COURSES

S/N0 COURSE CODE COURSE TITLE

COMPULSARY COURSE 

UNITS

1 PHY 102 INTRODUCTORY ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM

CC

03

2. PHY 104 INTRODUCTORY OPTICS AND MODERN PHYSICS

CC

03

3 PHY 118 BASIC EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS II

CC

01

4 CSC 102 INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SCIENCE II

CC

02

5 MTH 104 ELEMENT OF CALCULUS AND TRIGONOMETRY

CC

02

6 CHM 104 INTRODUCTION TO INORGANIC CHEMISTRY II

CC

02

7 CHM 112 BASIC PRACTICAL CHEMISTRY II

CC

01

8 GST 102 USE OF LIBRARY, STUDY SKILLS, INFORMATION
& COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY.

CC

02

    TOTAL

 

16

 
ELECTIVE COURSE

9 GST 104 COMMUNICATION IN FRENCH

EC

02

10 GST 106 COMMUNICATION IN ARABIC

EC

02

REGISTER ANY ONE ELECTIVE

200 Level

 FIRST SEMESTER COURSES

S/NO. COURSE CODES COURSE TITLE UNITS PRE-REQUISITE
1 PHY 201  CLASSICAL MECHANICS CC 03 PHY 101
2 PHY 203 VIBRATIONS AND WAVES CC 02 PHY 104
3 PHY 205 HEAT AND THERMODYNAMICS CC 03 PHY 103
4 PHY 209 ENERGY RESOURCES CC 01
5 PHY 217 EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS III CC 01
8 MTH 207 ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATION I CC 02 MTH 104
9 MTH 209 MATHEMATICAL METHOD CC 03
10 GST 201 COMMUNICATION IN ENGLISH II CC 02
10 GST 203 PHILOSOPHY AND LOGIC CC 02
TOTAL 19

                
ELECTIVES

6 MTH 201 REAL ANALYSIS I EC 03 MTH 105
7 MTH 203 ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY EC 03 MTH 101

REGISTER ANY ONE
SECOND SEMESTER COURSES

S/NO. COURSE CODES COURSE TITLE UNITS PRE-REQUISITE
1 PHY 202 ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS & WAVES CC 03 PHY 102
2 PHY 204 BASIC ELECTRICAL CIRCUIT AND SEMI CONDUCTORS CC 03
3 PHY 206 ATOMIC PHYSICS I CC 03 PHY 104
4 PHY208 INTRODUCTORY SPACE SCIENCE & SOLID EARTH PHYSICS CC 02
5 PHY 212 OPTICS CC 02 PHY 104
6 PHY 218 EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS IV CC 01
8 CSC 202 COMPUTER APPLICATION II CC 02 CSC104
9 GST 202 HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY  OF SCIENCE CC 02
10 GST 222 PEACE AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION CC 02
TOTAL 18

ELECTIVES

11

MTH 202

REAL ANALYSIS EC

03

12

MTH204

LINEAR ALGEBRA EC

03

REGISTER ANY ONE ELECTIVE

300 Level

FIRST SEMESTER COURSES

S/NO.

COURSE CODES COURSE TITLE   UNITS PRE-REQUISITE

1

PHY 301 ANALYTICAL MECHANICS CC 03 PHY 201

2

PHY 303 SOLID STATE PHYSICS I CC 02

3

PHY 315 ELECTROMAGNETISM CC 03 PHY 202, PHY 203

4

PHY 307 QUANTUM PHYSICS CC 03 PHY 201

5

PHY 309 STATISTICAL AND THERMAL PHYSICS CC 02 PHY 205

6

PHY 311 ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT CC 02 PHY 209

7

PHY 321 ELECTRONICS CC 03 PHY 204

8

PHY 317 EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS V/VI CC 01

9

PHY 325 VECTOR TENSOR AND COMPLEX  ANALYSIS CC 02 MTH 201

10

GST 301 ENTERPRENEURESHIP AND INNOVATIONS CC 02

11

GST 303 ADVANCED COMMUNICATION SKILL CC 01

TOTAL   24

SECOND SEMESTER COURSES

S/NO

COURSE CODES

COURSE TITLE

 

UNITS

PRE-REQUISITE

1.

PHY 398

SIX MONTHS OF
INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENTS

06

400 Level

FIRST SEMESTER CORE COURSES

S/NO

COURSE CODES

COURSE TITLE

 

UNITS

PRE-REQUISITE

1

PHY 401

QUANTUM MECHANICS I CC

03

PHY 307

2

PHY 403

STATISTICAL MECHANICS CC

03

PHY 309

3

PHY 407

ELECTRODYNAMICS CC

03

PHY 315

4

PHY 413

MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS I CC

03

MTH 201, MTH 305

5

PHY 415

COMPUTATIONAL PHYSICS CC

03

MTH 201, MTH 305

6

PHY 417

RESEARCH  SEMINAR & FIELD TRIP CC

02

7

GST 401

BUSINESS CREATION AND GROWTH CC

02

 

TOTAL

19

 

 ELECTIVES COURSES

S/NO

COURSE CODES

COURSE TITLE

UNITS

PRE-REQUISITE

1

PHY 405

NUCLEAR & PARTICLE  PHYSICS I EC

02

2

PHY 409

APPLIED GEOPHYSICS I EC

02

3

PHY 411

COMMUNICATION & INFORMATION THEORY EC

02

4

PHY 421

SOLID STATE PHYSICS II EC

02

5

PHY 423

SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY EC

02

6

PHY 425

MICROWAVES DEVICES EC

02

7

PHY 427

FLUID DYNAMICS EC

02

 

*MUST REGISTER MINIMUM OF TWO ELECTIVES

 

 SECOND SEMESTER CORE COURSES

S/NO

COURSE CODES

COURSE TITLE

 

UNITS

PRE-REQUISITE

1

PHY 402

QUANTUM MECHANICS II CC

03

PHY 307

2

PHY 408

DIGITAL ELECTRONICS & MICROPROCESSOR CC

02

3

PHY 414

MATHEMATICAL METHODS IN PHYSICS II CC

03

MTH 201, MTH 305

4

PHY 418

INSTRUMENTATION &
EXPERIMENTAL TECHNIQUES IN PHYSICS
CC

03

5

PHY 499

FINAL YEAR PROJECT CC

04

TOTAL

 

15

ELECTIVE COURSES

S/NO

COURSE CODES

COURSE TITLE

ELECTIVE COURSE  

UNITS

PRE-REQUISITE

1

PHY 404

ADVANCE OPTICS

EC

02

 

2

PHY 406

NUCLEAR & PARTICLE PHYSICS II

EC

02

3

PHY 410

APPLIED GEOPHYSICS II

EC

02

4

PHY 412

RADIATION BIOPHYSICS

EC

02

5

PHY 416

ATMOSPHERIC PHYSICS

EC

02

6

PHY 420

ATOMIC PHYSICS II

EC

02

*MUST REGISTER MINIMUM OF TWO ELECTIVES

Staff List

Academic Staff

S/N

NAME/RANK

QUALIFICATION

RANK

AREA OF SPECIALIZATION

1

Godwin Idemudia B.Sc Applied Physics
M.Sc Digital Electronics
Ph.D Applied Physics
Professor Renewable energy,
Digital Electronics
Atmospheres

2

Dr. Shiv Kumar Singh B.Sc Physics Maths
M.Sc Physics (Electronics)
Ph.D Spectroscopy
Associate Prof. Electronics and Atom and Spectroscopy

3

Dr Dale Medugu W. B.Sc Physics
M.Sc Physic (Electronics)
Ph.D
Senior Lecturer Solar Energy/Electronics

4

Dr Bello Yusuf Idi B.Tech. Physics
M.Sc Geophysics
Ph.D Geomatic Engineering
Senior Lecturer Geophysics

5

Lazarus G.N. B.Sc Physics
M.Sc Applied Physics
Ph.D Geophysics (in view)
Lecturer I Geophysics

6

Kasidi Simon B.Sc Geology
M.Sc Geophysics
P.hD  Geophysics (in view)
Lecturer I Geophysics

7

Danladi Ali B.Eng. Electrical and
Electronics M.Eng. Electronic and Telecommunications Ph.D Telecom. (in view)
Lecturer I Electronics and Telecommunications

8

Summanuwa T. Ahams B.Sc Physics
M.Sc Physics
Assist. Lecturer Solid State Physics

9

Silkwa Ndumari W. B.Sc Physics
M.Tech Energy physics
Assist. Lecturer Energy Physics

10

Glandu V. Pambi B.Tech. Physics
M.Sc Energy physics
Assist. Lecturer Energy Physics

11

Sylvanus Justine Madugu B.Eng. Electrical &
Electronics, M.Tech Solid State
Physics/Electronics
Assist. Lecturer Solid State/ Electronics

12

Hamman Tampul B.Sc Physics
M.Tech. Physics (in view)
Graduate Assist. Solid State Physics

13

Abdullahi Danasabe B.Tech Physics/Electrical
Power & Machine
M.Sc Physics (in view)
Graduate Assist. Electronic power and machine

Technical and Non-Academic Staff

S/N

NAME AND RANK

QUALIFICATION

RANK

AREA OF SPECIALIZATION

1 Abbas Y. Husseini HND(NIST) Principal Technologist Physics and Engineering
Technology
2 Yoila Hamira Jarai B.ED Tech Senior Technologist Electrical/Electronics
3 Nuhu Richard HND, PGDE, ND (SLT) Technologist I Physics/Electronics
4 Grace S. Perez ND Science
Laboratory Technology
Senior Lab. Assistant Lab. Assistant
5 Kattita Peter ND Science
Laboratory Technology
Senior La. Assistant Lab. Assistant
1 Haruna Yakubu ND Secretarial Studies
HND Office
Technology & Management
Confidential Secretary I Administration
2 Rainat Ibrahim Saidu SSCE, ND (in view) Clerical Officer Administration
3 Janet John NABTEB Head Cleaner Cleaner